Criteria

Diagnose DKA if:[2][17]

  • Diabetes - blood glucose is >11.0 mmol/L OR known diabetes

    AND

  • Ketonaemia - blood ketones are >3.0 mmol/L OR there is ketonuria (2+ or more on standard urine sticks)

    AND

  • Acidosis - bicarbonate (HCO3-) is <15.0 mmol/L, AND/OR venous pH is <7.3.

Rarely, patients present with euglycaemic DKA and have a normal blood glucose level.[17][87]

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