Acute cystitis has been reported to be the most common bacterial infection, resulting in more than 10 million medical visits in the US in 2001. Cystitis accounted for around 1% of consultations by females in the UK. Acute cystitis is much more common in women than men. This has classically been attributed to the shorter urethra in women. Acute uncomplicated cystitis is more common among pre-menopausal women than post-menopausal women. In a US telephone survey of 2000 randomly sampled women >18 years, 10.8% of women had experienced a UTI in the past 12 months, and by 24 years of age it is estimated that 33% of women will have experienced a UTI. Similar annual incidence rates (19%) have been found among young women in Russia. It has been estimated that 20% to 40% of women with acute cystitis will develop recurrent episodes. The high prevalence of acute cystitis results in high antibiotic usage with one study across 4 countries reporting that antibiotics were prescribed for 88.5% of cases.
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