Assessment of hirsutism

References

Key articles

Rosenfield RL. Clinical practice. Hirsutism. N Engl J Med. 2005 Dec 15;353(24):2578-88. Abstract

Vermeulen A, Verdonck L, Kaufman JM. A critical evaluation of simple methods for the estimation of free testosterone in serum. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1999 Oct;84(10):3666-72.Full text  Abstract

Schlechte JA. Clinical practice. Prolactinoma. N Engl J Med. 2003 Nov 20;349(21):2035-41. Abstract

White PC, Speiser PW. Congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency. Endocr Rev. 2000 Jun;21(3):245-91.Full text  Abstract

Reference articles

1. Deplewski D, Rosenfield RL. Role of hormones in pilosebaceous unit development. Endocr Rev. 2000 Aug;21(4):363-92.Full text  Abstract

2. Rosenfield RL. Clinical practice. Hirsutism. N Engl J Med. 2005 Dec 15;353(24):2578-88. Abstract

3. Messenger AG. The control of hair growth: an overview. J Invest Dermatol. 1993 Jul;101(suppl 1):4S-9S. Abstract

4. Azziz R. The evaluation and management of hirsutism. Obstet Gynecol. 2003 May;101(5 Pt 1):995-1007. Abstract

5. DeUgarte CM, Woods KS, Bartolucci AA, et al. Degree of facial and body terminal hair growth in unselected black and white women: toward a populational definition of hirsutism. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Apr;91(4):1345-50.Full text  Abstract

6. Martin KA, Anderson RR, Chang RJ, et al. Evaluation and treatment of hirsutism in premenopausal women: an Endocrine Society clinical practice guideline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2018 Apr 1;103(4):1233-57.Full text  Abstract

7. Hatch R, Rosenfield RL, Kim MH, et al. Hirsutism: implications, etiology, and management. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1981 Aug 1;140(7):815-30. Abstract

8. Liu K, Motan T, Claman P. No. 350-Hirsutism: evaluation and treatment. J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2017 Nov;39(11):1054-68.Full text  Abstract

9. Kirschner MA, Samojlik E, Silber D. A comparison of androgen production and clearance in hirsute and obese women. J Steroid Biochem. 1983 Jul;19(1B):607-14. Abstract

10. Rotterdam ESHRE/ASRM-Sponsored PCOS consensus workshop group. Revised 2003 consensus on diagnostic criteria and long-term health risks related to polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Hum Reprod. 2004 Jan;19(1):41-7.Full text  Abstract

11. Legro RS, Arslanian SA, Ehrmann DA, et al; Endocrine Society. Diagnosis and treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome: an Endocrine Society clinical practice guideline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2013 Dec;98(12):4565-92.Full text  Abstract

12. Teede HJ, Misso ML, Costello MF, et al. Recommendations from the international evidence-based guideline for the assessment and management of polycystic ovary syndrome. Hum Reprod. 2018 Sep 1;33(9):1602-1618.Full text  Abstract

13. Hopkinson ZEC, Sattar N, Fleming R, et al. Fortnightly review: polycystic ovarian syndrome: the metabolic syndrome comes to gynaecology. BMJ. 1998 Aug 1;317(7154):329-32. Abstract

14. Pugeat M, Plotton I, de la Perrière AB, et al. MANAGEMENT OF ENDOCRINE DISEASE Hyperandrogenic states in women: pitfalls in laboratory diagnosis. Eur J Endocrinol. 2018 Apr;178(4):R141-R154.Full text  Abstract

15. Barth JH, Field HP, Yasmin E, et al. Defining hyperandrogenism in polycystic ovary syndrome: measurement of testosterone and androstenedione by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry and analysis by receiver operator characteristic plots. Eur J Endocrinol. 2010 Mar;162(3):611-5. Abstract

16. Pugeat M, Déchaud H, Raverot V et al; French Endocrine Society. Recommendations for investigation of hyperandrogenism. Ann Endocrinol (Paris). 2010 Feb;71(1):2-7. Abstract

17. Sathyapalan, T, Atkin SL. Rational testing: Investigating hirsutism. BMJ. 2009 Apr 28;338:b912. Abstract

18. Hahn S, Kuehnel W, Tan S, et al. Diagnostic value of calculated testosterone indices in the assessment of polycystic ovary syndrome. Clin Chem Lab Med. 2007;45(2):202-7. Abstract

19. Azziz R, Dewailly D, Owerbach D. Clinical review 56: nonclassic adrenal hyperplasia: current concepts. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1994 Apr;78(4):810-5. Abstract

20. Ng L, Libertino JM. Adrenocortical carcinoma: diagnosis, evaluation and treatment. J Urol. 2003 Jan;169(1):5-11. Abstract

21. Fassnacht M, Kenn W, Allolio B. Adrenal tumors: how to establish malignancy? J Endocrinol Invest. 2004 Apr;27(4):387-99. Abstract

22. Zawadski JK, Dunaif A. Diagnostic criteria for polycystic ovary syndrome: towards a rational approach. In: Dunaif A, Givens JR, Haseltine FP, et al., eds. Polycystic ovary syndrome. Boston: Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1992:377-81.

23. Screening and Management of the Hyperandrogenic Adolescent: ACOG Committee Opinion, Number 789. Obstet Gynecol. 2019 Oct;134(4):e106-e114.Full text  Abstract

24. Teede HJ, Misso ML, Costello MF, et al. Erratum. Recommendations from the international evidence-based guideline for the assessment and management of polycystic ovary syndrome. Hum Reprod. 2019 Feb 1;34(2):388.Full text  Abstract

25. Peña AS, Witchel SF, Hoeger KM, et al. Adolescent polycystic ovary syndrome according to the international evidence-based guideline. BMC Med. 2020 Mar 24;18(1):72.Full text  Abstract

26. Sairish A, Mudasar N, Shayaq ul Abeer R et al. Hyperandrogenism in polycystic ovarian syndrome and role of CYP gene variants: a review. Egypt. J. Med. Hum.Genet. 2019 Nov 20;20(25).Full text

27. Vermeulen A, Verdonck L, Kaufman JM. A critical evaluation of simple methods for the estimation of free testosterone in serum. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1999 Oct;84(10):3666-72.Full text  Abstract

28. Schlechte JA. Clinical practice. Prolactinoma. N Engl J Med. 2003 Nov 20;349(21):2035-41. Abstract

29. Azziz R, Sanchez LA, Knochenhauer ES, et al. Androgen excess in women: experience with over 1000 consecutive patients. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2004 Feb;89(2):453-62.Full text  Abstract

30. White PC, Speiser PW. Congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency. Endocr Rev. 2000 Jun;21(3):245-91.Full text  Abstract

31. Nieman LK, Biller BM, Findling JW, et al. The diagnosis of Cushing's syndrome: an Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008 May;93(5):1526-40. Abstract

32. Findling JW, Raff H. Cushing's Syndrome: important issues in diagnosis and management. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Oct;91(10):3746-53.Full text  Abstract

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