The medical literature is reticent regarding the epidemiology of RTA. All forms of RTA are uncommon but the disease is under-reported and incomplete forms are not often recognised, which limits precision regarding incidence and prevalence. Inherited disorders are much rarer than acquired forms. For example, the autosomal recessive inherited disorders cystinosis and galactosaemia are seen in approximately 1 to 2:100,000 children and 1:60,000 births, respectively, with selected populations having a higher incidence rate.
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