The medical literature is reticent regarding the epidemiology of RTA. All forms of RTA are uncommon but the disease is under-reported and incomplete forms are not often recognised, which limits precision regarding incidence and prevalence. Inherited disorders are much rarer than acquired forms.[4][14][15] For example, the autosomal recessive inherited disorders cystinosis and galactosaemia are seen in approximately 1 to 2:100,000 children and 1:60,000 births, respectively, with selected populations having a higher incidence rate.[16][17]

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