Prostatitis is diagnosed on the basis of history and clinical examination, and supported by the results of diagnostic tests (i.e., urine culture and sensitivity). Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the single greatest risk factor for developing prostatitis. To the extent that benign prostatic hyperplasia may result in residual urine that acts as a nidus for infection, it too may be considered a risk factor for the condition. Men aged <50 years old most commonly have acute prostatitis, but the disease is also encountered in roughly one third of all patients aged >50 years.

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