Last reviewed: 2 Jul 2021
Last updated: 16 Apr 2021

Summary

Differentials

Common

  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
  • Leiomyomata (uterine fibroids)
  • Endometrial polyp
  • Endometrial disorder
  • Iatrogenic

Uncommon

  • Endometrial malignancy
  • Adenomyosis
  • Coagulopathy
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Hyperprolactinaemia
  • Cervical cancer
  • Ovarian cancer

Contributors

Authors

Mohamed F. Mitwally, MD, HCLD, FACOG
Mohamed F. Mitwally

Medical Director

Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility

Baptist Medical Center

San Antonio Reproductive Associates

San Antonio

Odessa Reproductive Medicine Center

Odessa

TX

Disclosures

MFM declares that he has no conflicting interests.

Intisar Elnahhas, MD
Intisar Elnahhas

Laboratory Director

San Antonio Reproductive Associates

San Antonio

Odessa Reproductive Medicine Center

Odessa

TX

Disclosures

IE declares that she has no competing interests.

Peer reviewers

Bevan Brown, MBBS (Syd), FRANZCOG

Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist

Sydney Adventist and Norwest Private Hospitals

Medical Co-Director

Sydney Fibroid Clinic

Sydney

Australia

Disclosures

BB declares that he is Medical Co-Director (with Dr Eisen Liang) of Sydney Fibroid Clinic. He has acted as an unpaid speaker and product demonstrator for HOLOGIC in reference to their Myosure System. He is a co-author with Dr Eisen Liang of several articles on fibroids, adenomyosis and their management and co-author with Dr Liang of a book for patients on adenomyosis.

Mostafa Abuzeid, MD

Professor

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Michigan State University

MI

Disclosures

MA declares that he has no competing interests.

Botros Rizk, MD, FACOG

Professor and Head of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

University of South Alabama

AL

Disclosures

BR declares that he has no competing interests.

Peter Reid, BSc, MD, FRCOG, FRANZCOG

Specialist Gynaecologist

Peel Health Campus

Mandurah

Australia

Disclosures

PR declares that he has no competing interests.

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