Malaria infection

References

Key articles

World Health Organization. WHO Guidelines for malaria. March 2022 [internet publication].Full text

RTS,S Clinical Trials Partnership. Efficacy and safety of RTS,S/AS01 malaria vaccine with or without a booster dose in infants and children in Africa: final results of a phase 3, individually randomised, controlled trial. Lancet. 2015 Jul 4;386(9988):31-45.Full text  Abstract

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Treatment of malaria: guidelines for clinicians (United States). May 2020 [internet publication].Full text

Ballard SB, Salinger A, Arguin PM, et al. Updated CDC recommendations for using artemether-lumefantrine for the treatment of uncomplicated malaria in pregnant women in the United States. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2018 Apr 13;67(14):424-31.Full text  Abstract

Reference articles

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31. World Health Organization, Communicable Diseases Cluster. Severe falciparum malaria. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2000 Apr;94(suppl 1):S1-90. Abstract

32. Greenberg AE, Lobel HO. Mortality from plasmodium falciparum malaria in travelers from the United States, 1959 to 1987. Ann Intern Med. 1990 Aug 15;113(4):326-7. Abstract

33. Moore DA, Jennings RM, Doherty TF, et al. Assessing the severity of malaria. BMJ. 2003 Apr 12;326(7393):808-9.Full text  Abstract

34. Hammerich A, Campbell OM, Chandramohan D. Unstable malaria transmission and maternal mortality - experiences from Rwanda. Trop Med Int Health. 2002 Jul;7(7):573-6.Full text  Abstract

35. Moya-Alvarez V, Bodeau-Livinec F, Cot M. Iron and malaria: a dangerous liaison? Nutr Rev. 2016 Oct;74(10):612-23.Full text  Abstract

36. Neuberger A, Okebe J, Yahav D, et al. Oral iron supplements for children in malaria-endemic areas. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016 Feb 27;(2):CD006589.Full text  Abstract

37. Tan K, Arguin P. CDC Health information for international travel (Yellow Book). Malaria. 2020 [internet publication].Full text

38. Kolifarhood G, Raeisi A, Ranjbar M, et al. Prophylactic efficacy of primaquine for preventing Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax parasitaemia in travelers: a meta-analysis and systematic review. Travel Med Infect Dis. 2017 May - Jun;17:5-18. Abstract

39. Radeva-Petrova D, Kayentao K, ter Kuile FO, et al. Drugs for preventing malaria in pregnant women in endemic areas: any drug regimen versus placebo or no treatment. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014 Oct 10;(10):CD000169.Full text  Abstract

40. González R, Pons-Duran C, Piqueras M, et al. Mefloquine for preventing malaria in pregnant women. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018 Nov 14;(11):CD011444.Full text  Abstract

41. Käser AK, Arguin PM, Chiodini PL, et al. Imported malaria in pregnant women: a retrospective pooled analysis. Travel Med Infect Dis. 2015 Jul-Aug;13(4):300-10.Full text  Abstract

42. World Health Organization. WHO Guidelines for malaria. March 2022 [internet publication].Full text

43. World Health Organization. Malaria vaccine: WHO position paper - March 2022. Wkly Epidemiol Rec. 2022;97:61-80.Full text

44. RTS,S Clinical Trials Partnership. Efficacy and safety of RTS,S/AS01 malaria vaccine with or without a booster dose in infants and children in Africa: final results of a phase 3, individually randomised, controlled trial. Lancet. 2015 Jul 4;386(9988):31-45.Full text  Abstract

45. Chandramohan D, Zongo I, Sagara I, et al. Seasonal malaria vaccination with or without seasonal malaria chemoprevention. N Engl J Med. 2021 Sep 9;385(11):1005-17.Full text  Abstract

46. Sissoko MS, Healy SA, Katile A, et al. Safety and efficacy of PfSPZ vaccine against Plasmodium falciparum via direct venous inoculation in healthy malaria-exposed adults in Mali: a randomised, double-blind phase 1 trial. Lancet Infect Dis. 2017 May;17(5):498-509.Full text  Abstract

47. Ishizuka AS, Lyke KE, DeZure A, et al. Protection against malaria at 1 year and immune correlates following PfSPZ vaccination. Nat Med. 2016 Jun;22(6):614-23.Full text  Abstract

48. Pryce J, Richardson M, Lengeler C. Insecticide-treated nets for preventing malaria. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018 Nov 6;(11):CD000363.Full text  Abstract

49. Tiono AB, Ouédraogo A, Ouattara D, et al. Efficacy of Olyset Duo, a bednet containing pyriproxyfen and permethrin, versus a permethrin-only net against clinical malaria in an area with highly pyrethroid-resistant vectors in rural Burkina Faso: a cluster-randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2018 Aug 18;392(10147):569-80.Full text  Abstract

50. Gleave K, Lissenden N, Chaplin M, et al. Piperonyl butoxide (PBO) combined with pyrethroids in insecticide-treated nets to prevent malaria in Africa. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2021 May 24;5:CD012776.Full text  Abstract

51. Pryce J, Medley N, Choi L. Indoor residual spraying for preventing malaria in communities using insecticide-treated nets. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2022 Jan 17;1(1):CD012688.Full text  Abstract

52. Maia MF, Kliner M, Richardson M, et al. Mosquito repellents for malaria prevention. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018 Feb 6;(2):CD011595.Full text  Abstract

53. Furnival-Adams J, Olanga EA, Napier M, et al. House modifications for preventing malaria. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2021 Jan 20;1:CD013398.Full text  Abstract

54. Walshe DP, Garner P, Adeel AA, et al. Larvivorous fish for preventing malaria transmission. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017 Dec 11;(12):CD008090.Full text  Abstract

55. Pryce J, Choi L, Richardson M, et al. Insecticide space spraying for preventing malaria transmission. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018 Nov 2;(11):CD012689.Full text  Abstract

56. Choi L, Majambere S, Wilson AL. Larviciding to prevent malaria transmission. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2019 Aug 14;8:CD012736.Full text  Abstract

57. Esu EB, Oringanje C, Meremikwu MM. Intermittent preventive treatment for malaria in infants. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2021 Jul 17;7:CD011525.Full text  Abstract

58. Shah MP, Hwang J, Choi L, et al. Mass drug administration for malaria. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2021 Sep 29;9:CD008846.Full text  Abstract

59. Lalloo DG, Shingadia D, Bell DJ, et al. UK malaria treatment guidelines 2016. J Infect. 2016 Jun;72(6):635-49.Full text  Abstract

60. Payne D. Use and limitations of light microscopy for diagnosing malaria at the primary health care level. Bull World Health Organ. 1988;66(5):621-6.Full text  Abstract

61. Pattanasin S, Proux S, Chompasuk D, et al. Evaluation of a new Plasmodium lactate dehydrogenase assay (OptiMAL-IT) for the detection of malaria. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2003 Nov-Dec;97(6):672-4. Abstract

62. Ashley E, Touabi M, Ahrer M, et al. Evaluation of three parasite lactate dehydrogenase-based rapid diagnostic tests for the diagnosis of falciparum and vivax malaria. Malar J. 2009 Oct 27;8:241.Full text  Abstract

63. Yerlikaya S, Campillo A, Gonzalez IJ. A Systematic Review: Performance of rapid diagnostic tests for the detection of Plasmodium knowlesi, Plasmodium malariae, and Plasmodium ovale Monoinfections in human blood. J Infect Dis. 2018 Jun 20;218(2):265-76.Full text  Abstract

64. Stauffer WM, Cartwright CP, Olson DA, et al. Diagnostic performance of rapid diagnostic tests versus blood smears for malaria in US clinical practice. Clin Infect Dis. 2009 Sep 15;49(6):908-13.Full text  Abstract

65. Nicastri E, Bevilacqua N, Sañé Schepisi M, et al. Accuracy of malaria diagnosis by microscopy, rapid diagnostic test, and PCR methods and evidence of antimalarial overprescription in non-severe febrile patients in two Tanzanian hospitals. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2009 May;80(5):712-7.Full text  Abstract

66. Odaga J, Sinclair D, Lokong JA, et al. Rapid diagnostic tests versus clinical diagnosis for managing people with fever in malaria endemic settings. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014 Apr 17;(4):CD008998.Full text  Abstract

67. Li B, Sun Z, Li X, et al. Performance of pfHRP2 versus pLDH antigen rapid diagnostic tests for the detection of Plasmodium falciparum: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Arch Med Sci. 2017 Apr 1;13(3):541-9.Full text  Abstract

68. Das S, Peck RB, Barney R, et al. Performance of an ultra-sensitive Plasmodium falciparum HRP2-based rapid diagnostic test with recombinant HRP2, culture parasites, and archived whole blood samples. Malar J. 2018 Mar 17;17(1):118.Full text  Abstract

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70. Oliveira DA, Holloway BP, Durigon EL, et al. Polymerase chain reaction and a liquid-phase, nonisotopic hybridization for species-specific and sensitive detection of malaria infection. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1995 Feb;52(2):139-44. Abstract

71. Rogerson SJ, Hviid L, Duffy PE,et al. Malaria in pregnancy: pathogenesis and immunity. Lancet Infect Dis. 2007 Feb;7(2):105-17.Full text  Abstract

72. Polley SD, González IJ, Mohamed D, et al. Clinical evaluation of a loop-mediated amplification kit for diagnosis of imported malaria. J Infect Dis. 2013 Aug 15;208(4):637-44.Full text  Abstract

73. Hopkins H, González IJ, Polley SD, et al. Highly sensitive detection of malaria parasitemia in a malaria-endemic setting: performance of a new loop-mediated isothermal amplification kit in a remote clinic in Uganda. J Infect Dis. 2013 Aug 15;208(4):645-52.Full text  Abstract

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75. Arendt K, Demaerschalk BM, Wingerchuk DM, Camann W. Atraumatic lumbar puncture needles: after all these years, are we still missing the point? Neurologist. 2009 Jan;15(1):17-20. Abstract

76. Nath S, Koziarz A, Badhiwala JH, et al. Atraumatic versus conventional lumbar puncture needles: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet. 2018 Mar 24;391(10126):1197-204. Abstract

77. Rochwerg B, Almenawer SA, Siemieniuk RAC, et al. Atraumatic (pencil-point) versus conventional needles for lumbar puncture: a clinical practice guideline. BMJ. 2018 May 22;361:k1920.Full text  Abstract

78. Ahmed SV, Jayawarna C, Jude E. Post lumbar puncture headache: diagnosis and management. Postgrad Med J. 2006 Nov;82(973):713-6.Full text  Abstract

79. Arevalo-Rodriguez I, Ciapponi A, Roqué i Figuls M, et al. Posture and fluids for preventing post-dural puncture headache. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016 Mar 7;(3):CD009199.Full text  Abstract

80. World Health Organization. False-negative RDT results and implications of new reports of P. falciparum histidine-rich protein 2/3 gene deletions. Jul 2019 [internet publication].Full text

81. Hanson J, Hossain A, Charunwatthana P, et al. Hyponatremia in severe malaria: evidence for an appropriate anti-diuretic hormone response to hypovolemia. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2009 Jan;80(1):141-5.Full text  Abstract

82. Auwaerter PG. Recent advances in the understanding of infectious mononucleosis: are prospects improved for treatment or control? Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther. 2006 Dec;4(6):1039-49. Abstract

83. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Treatment of malaria: guidelines for clinicians (United States). May 2020 [internet publication].Full text

84. Adjuik M, Babiker A, Garner P, et al. Artesunate combinations for treatment of malaria: meta-analysis. Lancet. 2004 Jan 3;363(9402):9-17. Abstract

85. World Health Organization. Malaria: withdrawal of oral artemisinin-based monotherapies. Oct 2017 [internet publication].Full text

86. Price RN, Nosten F, Luxemburger C, et al. Effects of artemisinin derivatives on malaria transmissibility. Lancet. 1996 Jun 15;347(9016):1654-8. Abstract

87. Sinclair D, Zani B, Donegan S, et al. Artemisinin-based combination therapy for treating uncomplicated malaria. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009 Jul 8;(3):CD007483.Full text  Abstract

88. Hatz C, Soto J, Nothdurft HD, et al. Treatment of acute uncomplicated falciparum malaria with artemether-lumefantrine in nonimmune populations: a safety, efficacy, and pharmacokinetic study. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2008 Feb;78(2):241-7.Full text  Abstract

89. Zoller T, Junghanss T, Kapaun A, et al. Intravenous artesunate for severe malaria in travelers, Europe. Emerg Infect Dis. 2011 May;17(5):771-7.Full text  Abstract

90. Kreeftmeijer-Vegter AR, van Genderen PJ, Visser LG, et al. Treatment outcome of intravenous artesunate in patients with severe malaria in the Netherlands and Belgium. Malar J. 2012 Mar 31;11:102.Full text  Abstract

91. Rolling T, Schmiedel S, Wichmann D, et al. Post-treatment haemolysis in severe imported malaria after intravenous artesunate: case report of three patients with hyperparasitaemia. Malar J. 2012 May 17;11:169.Full text  Abstract

92. Askling HH, Bruneel F, Burchard G, et al. Management of imported malaria in Europe. Malar J. 2012 Sep 17;11:328.Full text  Abstract

93. D'Acremont V, Landry P, Mueller I, et al. Clinical and laboratory predictors of imported malaria in an outpatient setting: an aid to medical decision making in returning travelers with fever. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2002 May;66(5):481-6.Full text  Abstract

94. Melzer M, Lacey S, Rait G. The case for outpatient treatment of Plasmodium falciparum malaria in a selected UK immigrant population. J Infect. 2009 Oct;59(4):259-63. Abstract

95. Toovey S. Effectiveness of co-artemether in an unsupervised outpatient setting for the treatment of falciparum malaria. Travel Med Infect Dis. 2008 Jan-Mar;6(1-2):29-31. Abstract

96. Briand V, Bouchaud O, Tourret J, et al. Hospitalization criteria in imported falciparum malaria. J Travel Med. 2007 Sep-Oct;14(5):306-11.Full text  Abstract

97. US Food and Drug Administration. Mefloquine hydrochloride: drug safety communication - FDA approves label changes for antimalarial drug mefloquine hydrochloride due to risk of serious psychiatric and nerve side effects. Jul 2013 [internet publication].Full text

98. Zani B, Gathu M, Donegan S, et al. Dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine for treating uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014 Jan 20;(1):CD010927.Full text  Abstract

99. Sondén K, Wyss K, Jovel I, et al. High rate of treatment failures in nonimmune travelers treated with artemether-lumefantrine for uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Sweden: retrospective comparative analysis of effectiveness and case series. Clin Infect Dis. 2017 Jan 15;64(2):199-206.Full text  Abstract

100. Amaratunga C, Lim P, Suon S, et al. Dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine resistance in Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Cambodia: a multisite prospective cohort study. Lancet Infect Dis. 2016 Mar;16(3):357-65.Full text  Abstract

101. Chan XHS, Win YN, Mawer LJ, et al. Risk of sudden unexplained death after use of dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine for malaria: a systematic review and Bayesian meta-analysis. Lancet Infect Dis. 2018 Aug;18(8):913-23.Full text  Abstract

102. Blanshard A, Hine P. Atovaquone-proguanil for treating uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2021 Jan 15;1:CD004529.Full text  Abstract

103. Ashley EA, Recht J, White NJ. Primaquine: the risks and the benefits. Malar J. 2014 Nov 3;13:418.Full text  Abstract

104. Graves PM, Choi L, Gelband H, et al. Primaquine or other 8-aminoquinolines for reducing Plasmodium falciparum transmission. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018 Feb 2;(2):CD008152.Full text  Abstract

105. World Health Organization. Rectal artesunate for pre-referral treatment of severe malaria. Oct 2017 [internet publication].Full text

106. World Health Organization. The use of rectal artesunate as a pre-referral treatment for severe P. falciparum malaria. Jan 2022 [internet publication].Full text

107. Esu EB, Effa EE, Opie ON, et al. Artemether for severe malaria. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2019 Jun 18;6:CD010678.Full text  Abstract

108. Cox-Singh J, Davis TM, Lee KS, et al. Plasmodium knowlesi malaria in humans is widely distributed and potentially life threatening. Clin Infect Dis. 2008 Jan 15;46(2):165-71.Full text  Abstract

109. Sumawinata IW, Bernadeta, Leksana B, et al. Very high risk of therapeutic failure with chloroquine for uncomplicated plasmodium falciparum and P vivax malaria in Indonesian Papua. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2003 Apr;68(4):416-20.Full text  Abstract

110. John GK, Douglas NM, von Seidlein L, et al. Primaquine radical cure of Plasmodium vivax: a critical review of the literature. Malar J. 2012 Aug 17;11:280.Full text  Abstract

111. Milligan R, Daher A, Villanueva G, et al. Primaquine alternative dosing schedules for preventing malaria relapse in people with Plasmodium vivax. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2020 Aug 19;8:CD012656.Full text  Abstract

112. Taylor WRJ, Thriemer K, von Seidlein L, et al. Short-course primaquine for the radical cure of Plasmodium vivax malaria: a multicentre, randomised, placebo-controlled non-inferiority trial. Lancet. 2019 Sep 14;394(10202):929-38.Full text  Abstract

113. World Health Organization. Testing for G6PD deficiency for safe use of primaquine in radical cure of P. vivax and P. ovale. Oct 2016 [internet publication].Full text

114. Hill DR, Baird JK, Parise ME, et al. Primaquine: report from CDC expert meeting on malaria chemoprophylaxis I. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2006 Sep;75(3):402-15.Full text  Abstract

115. Desai M, ter Kuile FO, Nosten F, et al. Epidemiology and burden of malaria in pregnancy. Lancet Infect Dis. 2007 Feb;7(2):93-104. Abstract

116. Moore KA, Simpson JA, Scoullar MJL, et al. Quantification of the association between malaria in pregnancy and stillbirth: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Glob Health. 2017 Nov;5(11):e1101-12.Full text  Abstract

117. Cates JE, Unger HW, Briand V, et al. Malaria, malnutrition, and birthweight: a meta-analysis using individual participant data. PLoS Med. 2017 Aug 8;14(8):e1002373.Full text  Abstract

118. Newman RD, Parise ME, Slutsker L, et al. Safety, efficacy and determinants of effectiveness of antimalarial drugs during pregnancy: implications for prevention programmes in Plasmodium falciparum-endemic sub-Saharan Africa. Trop Med Int Health. 2003 Jun;8(6):488-506.Full text  Abstract

119. Kovacs SD, van Eijk AM, Sevene E, et al. The safety of artemisinin derivatives for the treatment of malaria in the 2nd or 3rd trimester of pregnancy: a systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS One. 2016 Nov 8;11(11):e0164963.Full text  Abstract

120. Saito M, Mansoor R, Kennon K, et al. Efficacy and tolerability of artemisinin-based and quinine-based treatments for uncomplicated falciparum malaria in pregnancy: a systematic review and individual patient data meta-analysis. Lancet Infect Dis. 2020 Aug;20(8):943-52.Full text  Abstract

121. Dellicour S, Sevene E, McGready R, et al. First-trimester artemisinin derivatives and quinine treatments and the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes in Africa and Asia: A meta-analysis of observational studies. PLoS Med. 2017 May;14(5):e1002290.Full text  Abstract

122. Osarfo J, Tagbor H, Cairns M, et al. Dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine versus artesunate-amodiaquine for treatment of malaria infection in pregnancy in Ghana: an open-label, randomised, non-inferiority trial. Trop Med Int Health. 2017 Aug;22(8):1043-52.Full text  Abstract

123. Ballard SB, Salinger A, Arguin PM, et al. Updated CDC recommendations for using artemether-lumefantrine for the treatment of uncomplicated malaria in pregnant women in the United States. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2018 Apr 13;67(14):424-31.Full text  Abstract

124. Pekyi D, Ampromfi AA, Tinto H, et al; PREGACT Study Group. Four artemisinin-based treatments in African pregnant women with malaria. N Engl J Med. 2016 Mar 10;374(10):913-27.Full text  Abstract

125. Kakuru A, Jagannathan P, Muhindo MK, et al. Dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine for the prevention of malaria in pregnancy. N Engl J Med. 2016 Mar 10;374(10):928-39.Full text  Abstract

126. Desai M, Gutman J, L'Ianziva A, et al. Intermittent screening and treatment or intermittent preventive treatment with dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine versus intermittent preventive treatment with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine for the control of malaria during pregnancy in western Kenya: an open-label, three-group, randomised controlled superiority trial. Lancet. 2015 Dec 19;386(10012):2507-19.Full text  Abstract

127. Burger RJ, van Eijk AM, Bussink M, et al. Artemisinin-based combination therapy versus quinine or other combinations for treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in the second and third trimester of pregnancy: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2015 Nov 12;3(1):ofv170.Full text  Abstract

128. Mavoko HM, Nabasumba C, da Luz RI, et al. Efficacy and safety of re-treatment with the same artemisinin-based combination treatment (ACT) compared with an alternative ACT and quinine plus clindamycin after failure of first-line recommended ACT (QUINACT): a bicentre, open-label, phase 3, randomised controlled trial. Lancet Glob Health. 2017 Jan;5(1):e60-8.Full text  Abstract

129. Gil JP, Krishna S. pfmdr1 (Plasmodium falciparum multidrug drug resistance gene 1): a pivotal factor in malaria resistance to artemisinin combination therapies. Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther. 2017 Jun;15(6):527-43. Abstract

130. World Health Organization. Status report on artemisinin and ACT resistance. Dec 2019 [internet publication].Full text

131. Imwong M, Hien TT, Thuy-Nhien NT, et al. Spread of a single multidrug resistant malaria parasite lineage (PfPailin) to Vietnam. Lancet Infect Dis. 2017 Oct;17(10):1022-3.Full text  Abstract

132. Hamilton WL, Amato R, van der Pluijm RW, et al. Evolution and expansion of multidrug-resistant malaria in southeast Asia: a genomic epidemiology study. Lancet Infect Dis. 2019 Sep;19(9):943-51.Full text  Abstract

133. van der Pluijm RW, Imwong M, Chau NH, et al. Determinants of dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine treatment failure in Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Cambodia, Thailand, and Vietnam: a prospective clinical, pharmacological, and genetic study. Lancet Infect Dis. 2019 Sep;19(9):952-61.Full text  Abstract

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