'Crimean haemorrhagic fever' was first described between 1944 and 1945 when about 200 Soviet military personnel were infected while helping peasants in Crimea during World War II.[2][4] In the early 1950s, scientists in the Congo described 'Congo haemorrhagic fever', and more than a decade later the name Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) was coined.[5]

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