'Crimean haemorrhagic fever' was first described between 1944 and 1945 when about 200 Soviet military personnel were infected while helping peasants in Crimea during World War II. In the early 1950s, scientists in the Congo described 'Congo haemorrhagic fever', and more than a decade later the name Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) was coined.
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