Assessment of hypocalcaemia

References

Key articles

Institute of Medicine. Dietary reference intakes for calcium and vitamin D. 2011. http://www.iom.edu/ (last accessed 30 June 2017).Full text

Holick MF, Brinkley NC, Bischoff-Ferrari HA, et al. Evaluation, treatment, and prevention of vitamin D deficiency: an Endocrine Society clinical practice guideline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2011;96:1911-1930.Full text  Abstract

Reference articles

1. Cooper MS, Gittoes NJ. Diagnosis and management of hypocalcaemia. BMJ. 2008;336:1298-1302.Full text  Abstract

2. Turner J, Gittoes N, Selby P, et al. SOCIETY FOR ENDOCRINOLOGY ENDOCRINE EMERGENCY GUIDANCE: Emergency management of acute hypocalcaemia in adult patients. Endocr Connect. 2016 Sep;5(5):G7-G8.Full text  Abstract

3. Jesus JE, Landry A. Images in clinical medicine. Chvostek's and Trousseau's signs. N Engl J Med. 2012 Sep 13;367(11):e15.Full text  Abstract

4. Institute of Medicine. Dietary reference intakes for calcium and vitamin D. 2011. http://www.iom.edu/ (last accessed 30 June 2017).Full text

5. Holick MF, Brinkley NC, Bischoff-Ferrari HA, et al. Evaluation, treatment, and prevention of vitamin D deficiency: an Endocrine Society clinical practice guideline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2011;96:1911-1930.Full text  Abstract

6. Carroll JK, Herrick B, Gipson T, et al. Acute pancreatitis: diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment. Am Fam Physician. 2007;75:1513-1520.Full text  Abstract

7. Smallridge RC, Wray HL, Schaaf M. Hypocalcemia with osteoblastic metastases in patient with prostate carcinoma. A cause of secondary hyperparathyroidism. Am J Med. 1981;71:184-188. Abstract

8. Murray RM, Grill V, Crinis N, et al. Hypocalcemic and normocalcemic hyperparathyroidism in patients with advanced prostatic cancer. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2001;86:4133-4138.Full text  Abstract

9. Maalouf NM, Heller HJ, Odvina CV, et al. Bisphosphonate-induced hypocalcemia: report of three cases and review of literature. Endocr Pract. 2006;12:48-53. Abstract

10. Richmond BK. Profound refractory hypocalcemia after thyroidectomy in a patient receiving chronic oral bisphosphonate therapy. Am Surg. 2005;71:872-873. Abstract

11. Zivin JR, Gooley T, Zager RA, et al. Hypocalcemia: a pervasive metabolic abnormality in the critically ill. Am J Kidney Dis. 2001;37:689-698. Abstract

12. Prince MR, Erel HE, Lent RW, et al. Gadodiamide administration causes spurious hypocalcemia. Radiology. 2003;227:639-646. Abstract

13. Turner J, Gittoes N, Selby P, et al. SOCIETY FOR ENDOCRINOLOGY EMERGENCY ENDOCRINE GUIDANCE: Emergency management of acute hypocalcaemia in adult patients. Endocr Connect. 2019 Jun 1;8(6):X1.Full text  Abstract

14. Hannan FM, Thakker RV. Investigating hypocalcaemia. BMJ. 2013 May 9;346:f2213.Full text  Abstract

15. Hines OJ, Pandol SJ. Management of severe acute pancreatitis. BMJ. 2019 Dec 2;367:l6227.Full text  Abstract

16. Tenner S, Baillie J, DeWitt J, et al. American College of Gastroenterology guideline: management of acute pancreatitis. Am J Gastroenterol. 2013 Sep;108(9):1400-15. Abstract

17. American Society for Clinical Pathology. Do not test for amylase in cases of suspected acute pancreatitis. Instead, test for lipase. Sep 2016 [internet publication].Full text

18. Choosing Wisely. American Society for Clinical Pathology: testing for amylase. Sep 2016 [internet publication].Full text

19. Rompianesi G, Hann A, Komolafe O, et al. Serum amylase and lipase and urinary trypsinogen and amylase for diagnosis of acute pancreatitis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017;(4):CD012010.Full text  Abstract

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