Hyponatraemia

References

Key articles

Spasovski G, Vanholder R, Allolio B, et al; Hyponatraemia Guideline Development Group. Clinical practice guideline on diagnosis and treatment of hyponatraemia. Eur J Endocrinol. 2014 Feb 25;170(3):G1-47.Full text  Abstract

Verbalis JG, Grossman A, Höybye C, et al. Review and analysis of differing regulatory indications and expert panel guidelines for the treatment of hyponatremia. Curr Med Res Opin. 2014 Jul;30(7):1201-7. Abstract

Sterns RH. Disorders of plasma sodium - causes, consequences, and correction. N Engl J Med. 2015 Jan 1;372(1):55-65. Abstract

Nagler EV, Vanmassenhove J, van der Veer SN, et al. Diagnosis and treatment of hyponatremia: a systematic review of clinical practice guidelines and consensus statements. BMC Med. 2014 Dec 11;12:1.Full text  Abstract

Nagler EV, Haller MC, Van Biesen W, et al. Interventions for chronic non-hypovolaemic hypotonic hyponatraemia. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018 Jun 28;(6):CD010965.Full text  Abstract

Reference articles

1. Spasovski G, Vanholder R, Allolio B, et al; Hyponatraemia Guideline Development Group. Clinical practice guideline on diagnosis and treatment of hyponatraemia. Eur J Endocrinol. 2014 Feb 25;170(3):G1-47.Full text  Abstract

2. Giordano M, Ciarambino T, Castellino P, et al. Diseases associated with electrolyte imbalance in the ED: age-related differences. Am J Emerg Med. 2016 Oct;34(10):1923-1926.Full text  Abstract

3. Wald R, Jaber BL, Price LL, et al. Impact of hospital-associated hyponatremia on selected outcomes. Arch Intern Med. 2010 Feb 8;170(3):294-302. Abstract

4. Zilberberg MD, Exuzides A, Spalding J, et al. Epidemiology, clinical and economic outcomes of admission hyponatremia among hospitalized patients. Curr Med Res Opin. 2008 Jun;24(6):1601-8. Abstract

5. Verbalis JG, Grossman A, Höybye C, et al. Review and analysis of differing regulatory indications and expert panel guidelines for the treatment of hyponatremia. Curr Med Res Opin. 2014 Jul;30(7):1201-7. Abstract

6. Funk GC, Lindner G, Druml W, et al. Incidence and prognosis of dysnatremias present on ICU admission. Intensive Care Med. 2010 Feb;36(2):304-11. Abstract

7. Braun MM, Barstow CH, Pyzocha NJ. Diagnosis and management of sodium disorders: hyponatremia and hypernatremia. Am Fam Physician. 2015 Mar 1;91(5):299-307.Full text  Abstract

8. Wakil A, Ng JM, Atkin SL. Investigating hyponatraemia. BMJ. 2011 Mar 7;342:d1118. Abstract

9. Freda BJ, Davidson MB, Hall PM. Evaluation of hyponatremia: a little physiology goes a long way. Cleve Clin J Med. 2004 Aug;71(8):639-50. Abstract

10. Friedman E, Shadel M, Halkin H, et al. Thiazide-induced hyponatremia: reproducibility by single dose rechallenge and an analysis of pathogenesis. Ann Intern Med. 1989 Jan 1;110(1):24-30. Abstract

11. Bennett BL, Hew-Butler T, Hoffman MD, et al. Wilderness Medical Society practice guidelines for treatment of exercise-associated hyponatremia: 2014 update. Wilderness Environ Med. 2014 Dec;25(suppl 4):S30-42. Abstract

12. Jacob S, Spinler SA. Hyponatremia associated with selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors in older adults. Ann Pharmacother. 2006 Sep;40(9):1618-22. Abstract

13. Fabian TJ, Amico JA, Kroboth PD, et al. Paroxetine-induced hyponatremia in older adults: a 12-week prospective study. Arch Intern Med. 2004 Feb 9;164(3):327-32. Abstract

14. Mathus-Vliegen EMH, van der Vliet K, Wignand-van der Storm IJ, et al. Split-dose bowel cleansing with picosulphate is safe and better tolerated than 2-l polyethylene glycol solution. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2018 Jul;30(7):709-717.Full text  Abstract

15. Lindner G, Schwarz C. An update on the current management of hyponatremia. Minerva Med. 2012 Aug;103(4):279-91. Abstract

16. Adrogué HJ, Madias NE. Hyponatremia. N Engl J Med. 2000 May 25;342(21):1581-9. Abstract

17. Kilpatrick ES. Disorders of sodium balance: hypothyroidism and hyponatraemia: an old wives' tale? BMJ. 2006 Apr 8;332(7545):854.Full text  Abstract

18. Hanna FW, Scanlon MF. Hyponatraemia, hypothyroidism, and role of arginine-vasopressin. Lancet. 1997 Sep 13;350(9080):755-6. Abstract

19. Schrier RW. Vasopressin and aquaporin 2 in clinical disorders of water homeostasis. Semin Nephrol. 2008 May;28(3):289-96.Full text  Abstract

20. Warner MH, Holding S, Kilpatrick ES. The effect of newly diagnosed hypothyroidism on serum sodium concentrations: a retrospective study. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2006 May;64(5):598-9. Abstract

21. Grohé C, Berardi R, Burst V. Hyponatraemia-SIADH in lung cancer diagnostic and treatment algorithms. Crit Rev Oncol Hematol. 2015 Oct;96(1):1-8. Abstract

22. Murthy K, Ondrey GJ, Malkani N, et al. The effects of hyponatremia on bone density and fractures: a systemic review and meta-analysis. Endocr Pract. 2019 Apr;25(4):366-78.Full text  Abstract

23. Moen V, Brudin L, Rundgren M, et al. Hyponatremia complicating labour - rare or unrecognised? A prospective observational study. BJOG. 2009 Mar;116(4):552-61.Full text  Abstract

24. Guidelines and Audit Network. Guideline for the prevention, diagnosis and management of hyponatraemia in labour and the immediate postpartum period. Mar 2017 [internet publication].Full text

25. Wang J, Xu E, Xiao Y. Isotonic versus hypotonic maintenance IV fluids in hospitalized children: a meta-analysis. Pediatrics. 2014 Jan;133(1):105-13. Abstract

26. Feld LG, Neuspiel DR, Foster BA, et al. Clinical Practice Guideline: Maintenance Intravenous Fluids in Children. Pediatrics. 2018 Dec;142(6):.Full text  Abstract

27. Jacob P, Dow C, Lasker SS, et al. Hyponatraemia in primary care. BMJ. 2019 May 9;365:l1774.Full text  Abstract

28. Patel GP, Balk RA. Recognition and treatment of hyponatremia in acutely ill hospitalized patients. Clin Ther. 2007 Feb;29(2):211-29. Abstract

29. Hillier TA, Abbott RD, Barrett EJ. Hyponatremia: evaluating the correction factor for hyperglycemia. Am J Med. 1999 Apr;106(4):399-403. Abstract

30. Nguyen MK, Kurtz I. Derivation of a new formula for calculating urinary electrolyte-free water clearance based on the Edelman equation. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2005 Jan;288(1):F1-7.Full text  Abstract

31. Lindner G, Schwarz C. Electrolyte-free water clearance versus modified electrolyte-free water clearance: do the results justify the effort? Nephron Physiol. 2012;120(1):p1-5. Abstract

32. Sterns RH. Disorders of plasma sodium - causes, consequences, and correction. N Engl J Med. 2015 Jan 1;372(1):55-65. Abstract

33. Nagler EV, Vanmassenhove J, van der Veer SN, et al. Diagnosis and treatment of hyponatremia: a systematic review of clinical practice guidelines and consensus statements. BMC Med. 2014 Dec 11;12:1.Full text  Abstract

34. Buchkremer F, Segerer S, Bock A. Monitoring urine flow to prevent overcorrection of hyponatremia: derivation of a safe upper limit based on the Edelman equation. Am J Kidney Dis. 2019 Jan;73(1):143-5. Abstract

35. Dixon MB, Lien YH. Tolvaptan and its potential in the treatment of hyponatremia. Ther Clin Risk Manag. 2008 Dec;4(6):1149-55.Full text  Abstract

36. Nagler EV, Haller MC, Van Biesen W, et al. Interventions for chronic non-hypovolaemic hypotonic hyponatraemia. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018 Jun 28;(6):CD010965.Full text  Abstract

37. Rondon-Berrios H, Tandukar S, Mor MK, et al. Urea for the treatment of hyponatremia. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2018 Nov 7;13(11):1627-32. Abstract

38. Sterns RH, Silver SM, Hix JK. Urea for hyponatremia? Kidney Int. 2015 Feb;87(2):268-70.Full text  Abstract

39. Hoorn EJ, Zietse R. Diagnosis and Treatment of Hyponatremia: Compilation of the Guidelines. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2017 May;28(5):1340-1349.Full text  Abstract

40. Renneboog B, Musch W, Vandemergel X, et al. Mild chronic hyponatremia is associated with falls, unsteadiness, and attention deficits. Am J Med. 2006 Jan;119(1):71.e1-8. Abstract

41. Verbalis JG, Barsony J, Sugimura Y, et al. Hyponatremia-induced osteoporosis. J Bone Miner Res. 2010 Mar;25(3):554-63.Full text  Abstract

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