Chikungunya virus was first isolated in Tanzania in 1952. Occasional outbreaks have since occurred in Africa, Asia, and the Indian subcontinent, with the largest outbreak occurring on Réunion Island in the Indian Ocean, where around 35% of the island’s 750,000 inhabitants were infected in 2005 and 2006. Since then, the disease has spread to all continents, reaching the Americas via the Caribbean islands in 2013. Increased mobility of people across countries, adaptation of the virus to a more widespread vector (Aedes albopictus), and climate changes have favoured global dissemination of the disease.
BMJ Best Practice is an evidence-based point of care tool for healthcare practitioners.
To continue reading and access all of BMJ Best Practice's pages you'll need to log in or start a free trial.
You can access through your institution if your hospital, university, trust or other institution provides access to BMJ Best Practice through either OpenAthens or Shibboleth.
Use of this content is subject to our disclaimer