Blastomycosis

References

Key articles

Castillo CG, Kauffman CA, Miceli MH. Blastomycosis. Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2016 Mar;30(1):247-64. Abstract

Thompson GR 3rd, Le T, Chindamporn A, et al. Global guideline for the diagnosis and management of the endemic mycoses: an initiative of the European Confederation of Medical Mycology in cooperation with the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology. Lancet Infect Dis. 2021 Dec;21(12):e364-e374. Abstract

Limper AH, Knox KS, Sarosi GA, et al. American Thoracic Society Fungal Working Group. An official American Thoracic Society statement: treatment of fungal infections in adult pulmonary and critical care patients. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2011 Jan 1;183(1):96-128. Abstract

Reference articles

1. Castillo CG, Kauffman CA, Miceli MH. Blastomycosis. Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2016 Mar;30(1):247-64. Abstract

2. Thompson GR 3rd, Le T, Chindamporn A, et al. Global guideline for the diagnosis and management of the endemic mycoses: an initiative of the European Confederation of Medical Mycology in cooperation with the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology. Lancet Infect Dis. 2021 Dec;21(12):e364-e374. Abstract

3. Wheat LJ. Antigen detection, serology, and molecular diagnosis of invasive mycoses in the immunocompromised host. Transpl Infect Dis. 2006 Sep;8(3):128-39. Abstract

4. Klein BS, Davis JP. A laboratory based surveillance of human blastomycosis in Wisconsin between 1973 and 1982. Am J Epidemiol. 1985 Nov;122(5):897-903. Abstract

5. Habte-Gabr E, Smith IM. North American blastomycosis in Iowa: review of 34 cases. J Chronic Dis. 1973 Sep;26(9):585-94. Abstract

6. Lowry PW, Kelso KY, McFarland LM. Blastomycosis in Washington, Parish, Louisiana, 1976-1985. Am J Epidemiol. 1989 Jul;130(1):151-9. Abstract

7. Frye MD, Seifer FD. An outbreak of blastomycosis in eastern Tennessee. Mycopathologia. 1991 Oct;116(1):15-21. Abstract

8. McDonald R, Dufort E, Jackson BR, et al. Notes from the field: Blastomycosis cases occurring outside of regions with known endemicity - New York, 2007-2017. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2018 Sep 28;67(38):1077-1078.Full text  Abstract

9. Crampton TL, Light RB, Berg GM, et al. Epidemiology and clinical spectrum of blastomycosis diagnosed at Manitoba hospitals. Clin Infect Dis. 2002 May 15;34(10):1310-6. Abstract

10. Morris SK, Brophy J, Richardson SE, et al. Blastomycosis in Ontario, 1994-2003. Emerg Infect Dis. 2006 Feb;12(2):274-9. Abstract

11. Klein BS, Vergeront JM, Davis JP. Epidemiologic aspects of blastomycosis, the enigmatic systemic mycosis. Semin Respir Infect. 1986 Mar;1(1):29-39. Abstract

12. Klein BS, Vergeront JM, DiSalvo AF, et al. Two outbreaks of blastomycosis along rivers in Wisconsin. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1987 Dec;136(6):1333-8. Abstract

13. Frean JA, Carman WF, Crew-Browne HH, et al. Blastomyces dermatitidis infections in the RSA. S Afr Med J. 1989 Jul 1;76(1):13-6. Abstract

14. Carman WF, Frean JA, Crew-Browne HH, et al. Blastomycosis in Africa. Mycopathologia. 1989 Jul;107(1):25-32. Abstract

15. Larone D. Medically important fungi, a guide to identification. Herdon, VA: ASM Press; 1995.

16. Baumgardner DJ, Paretsky DP. The in vitro isolation of Blastomyces dermatitidis from a woodpile in north central Wisconsin, USA. Med Mycol. 1999 Jun;37(3):163-8. Abstract

17. Brown EM, McTaggart LR, Zhang SX, et al. Phylogenetic analysis reveals a cryptic species Blastomyces gilchristii, sp. nov. within the human pathogenic fungus Blastomyces dermatitidis. PLoS One. 2013;8(3):e59237.Full text  Abstract

18. Dukik K, Muñoz JF, Jiang Y, et al. Novel taxa of thermally dimorphic systemic pathogens in the Ajellomycetaceae (Onygenales). Mycoses. 2017 May;60(5):296-309. Abstract

19. Bradsher RW, Chapman SW, Pappas PG. Blastomycosis. Infect Dis Clin N Am. 2003 Mar;17(1):21-40, vii. Abstract

20. Gray N, Baddour L. Cutaneous inoculation blastomycosis. Clin Infect Dis. 2002 May 15;34(10):E44-9. Abstract

21. Vaaler AK, Bradsher RW, Davies SF. Evidence of subclinical blastomycosis in forestry workers in northern Minnesota and northern Wisconsin. Am J Med. 1990 Oct;89(4):470-6. Abstract

22. Gauthier GM, Safdar N, Klein BS, et al. Blastomycosis in solid organ transplant recipients. Transpl Infect Dis. 2007 Dec;9(4):310-7. Abstract

23. Berger J, Zamora F, Podgaetz E, et al. Usefulness of lymphoid granulomatous inflammation culture obtained by endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration in a fungal endemic area. Endosc Ultrasound. 2016 Jul-Aug;5(4):243-7.Full text  Abstract

24. Taxy JB. Blastomycosis: contributions of morphology to diagnosis. Am J Surg Pathol. 2007 Apr;31(4):615-23. Abstract

25. Babady NE, Buckwalter SP, Hall L, et al. Detection of Blastomyces dermatitidis and Histoplasma capsulatum from culture isolates and clinical specimens by use of real-time PCR. J Clin Microbiol. 2011 Sep;49(9):3204-8. Abstract

26. Sidamonidze K, Peck MK, Perez M, et al. Real-time PCR assay for identification of Blastomyces dermatitidis in culture and in tissue. J Clin Microbiol. 2012 May;50(5):1783-6. Abstract

27. Frost HM, Novicki TJ. Blastomyces antigen detection for diagnosis and management of blastomycosis. J Clin Microbiol. 2015 Nov;53(11):3660-2.Full text  Abstract

28. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Mycoses Study Group. Treatment of blastomycosis and histoplasmosis with ketoconazole. Ann Intern Med. 1985 Dec;103(6 (Pt 1)):861-72. Abstract

29. Dismukes WE, Bradsher RW Jr, Cloud GC, et al. Itraconazole therapy for blastomycosis and histoplasmosis. NIAID Mycoses Study Group. Am J Med. 1992 Nov;93(5):489-97. Abstract

30. Pappas PG, Bradsher RW, Chapman SW, et al. Treatment of blastomycosis with fluconazole: a pilot study. Clin Infect Dis. 1995 Feb;20(2):267-71. Abstract

31. Ta M, Flowers SA, Rogers PD. The role of voriconazole in the treatment of central nervous system blastomycosis. Ann Pharmacother. 2009 Oct;43(10):1696-700. Abstract

32. Freifeld A, Proia L, Andes D, et al. Voriconazole use for endemic fungal infections. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2009 Apr;53(4):1648-51. Abstract

33. Bariola JR, Perry P, Pappas PG, et al. Blastomycosis of the central nervous system: a multicenter review of diagnosis and treatment in the modern era. Clin Infect Dis. 2010 Mar 15;50(6):797-804. Abstract

34. Limper AH, Knox KS, Sarosi GA, et al. American Thoracic Society Fungal Working Group. An official American Thoracic Society statement: treatment of fungal infections in adult pulmonary and critical care patients. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2011 Jan 1;183(1):96-128. Abstract

35. Yamazaki T, Inagaki Y, Fujii T, et al. In vitro activity of isavuconazole against 140 reference fungal strains and 165 clinically isolated yeasts from Japan. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2010 Oct;36(4):324-31. Abstract

36. Thompson GR 3rd, Rendon A, Ribeiro Dos Santos R, et al. Isavuconazole treatment of cryptococcosis and dimorphic mycoses. Clin Infect Dis. 2016 Aug 1;63(3):356-62.Full text  Abstract

37. Hope WW, Billaud EM, Lestner J, et al. Therapeutic drug monitoring for triazoles. Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2008 Dec;21(6):580-6. Abstract

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