Mastitis and breast abscess

References

Key articles

World Health Organization. Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development. Mastitis: causes and management. Geneva: WHO; 2000.Full text

Crowe DJ, Helvie MA, Wilson TE. Breast infection. Mammographic and sonographic findings with clinical correlation. Invest Radiol. 1995 Oct;30(10):582-7. Abstract

Reference articles

1. World Health Organization. Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development. Mastitis: causes and management. Geneva: WHO; 2000.Full text

2. Betzold CM. An update on the recognition and management of lactational breast inflammation. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2007 Nov-Dec;52(6):595-605. Abstract

3. Foxman B, D'Arcy H, Gillespie B, et al. Lactation mastitis: occurrence and medical management among 946 breastfeeding women in the United States. Am J Epidemiol. 2002 Jan 15;155(2):103-14.Full text  Abstract

4. Amir LH, Forster D, McLachlan H, et al. Incidence of breast abscess in lactating women: report from an Australian cohort. BJOG. 2004 Dec;111(12):1378-81. Abstract

5. Marchant DJ. Inflammation of the breast. Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am. 2002 Mar;29(1):89-102. Abstract

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7. Dener C, Inan A. Breast abscesses in lactating women. World J Surg. 2003 Feb;27(2):130-3. Abstract

8. Efrat M, Mogilner JG, Iujtman M, et al. Neonatal mastitis - diagnosis and treatment. Isr J Med Sci. 1995 Sep;31(9):558-60. Abstract

9. Hamit HF, Ragsdale TH. Mammary tuberculosis. J R Soc Med. 1982 Oct;75(10):764-5.Full text  Abstract

10. Al-Khaffaf B, Knox F, Bundred NJ. Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis: a 25-year experience. J Am Coll Surg. 2008 Feb;206(2):269-73. Abstract

11. Stafford I, Hernandez J, Laibl V, et al. Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus among patients with puerperal mastitis requiring hospitalization. Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Sep;112(3):533-7. Abstract

12. Amir LH; Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine Protocol Committee. ABM clinical protocol #4: mastitis, revised March 2014. Breastfeed Med. 2014 Jun;9(5):239-43.Full text  Abstract

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15. Olsen CG, Gordon RE Jr. Breast disorders in nursing mothers. Am Fam Physician. 1990 May;41(5):1509-16. Abstract

16. Brook I. The aerobic and anaerobic microbiology of neonatal breast abscess. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1991 Oct;10(10):785-6. Abstract

17. Edmiston CE Jr, Walker AP, Krepel CJ, et al. The nonpuerperal breast infection: aerobic and anaerobic microbial recovery from acute and chronic disease. J Infect Dis. 1990 Sep;162(3):695-9. Abstract

18. Gollapalli V, Liao J, Dudakovic A, et al. Risk factors for development and recurrence of primary breast abscesses. J Am Coll Surg. 2010 Jul;211(1):41-8. Abstract

19. Pantanowitz L, Connolly JL. Pathology of the breast associated with HIV/AIDS. Breast J. 2002 Jul-Aug;8(4):234-43. Abstract

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21. Johnson PE, Hanson KD. Acute puerperal mastitis in the augmented breast. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1996 Sep;98(4):723-5. Abstract

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23. Bundred NJ, Dixon JM, Lumsden AB, et al. Are the lesions of duct ectasia sterile? Br J Surg. 1985 Oct;72(10):844-5. Abstract

24. Dixon JM. Periductal mastitis/duct ectasia. World J Surg. 1989 Nov-Dec;13(6):715-20. Abstract

25. Dixon JM, Khan LR. Treatment of breast infection. BMJ. 2011 Feb 11;342:d396. Abstract

26. Kataria K, Srivastava A, Dhar A. Management of lactational mastitis and breast abscesses: review of current knowledge and practice. Indian J Surg. 2013 Dec;75(6):430-5.Full text  Abstract

27. Marinopoulos S, Lourantou D, Gatzionis T, et al. Breast tuberculosis: diagnosis, management and treatment. Int J Surg Case Rep. 2012 Jul 20;3(11):548-50.Full text  Abstract

28. Kvist LJ, Rydhstroem H. Factors related to breast abscess after delivery: a population-based study. BJOG. 2005 Aug;112(8):1070-4. Abstract

29. David M, Handa P, Castaldi M. Predictors of outcomes in managing breast abscesses - a large retrospective single-center analysis. Breast J. 2018 May 20;24(5):755-63. Abstract

30. Turbey WJ, Buntain WL, Dudgeon DL. The surgical management of pediatric breast masses. Pediatrics. 1975 Nov;56(5):736-9. Abstract

31. Rizzo M, Peng L, Frisch A, et al. Breast abscesses in nonlactating women with diabetes: clinical features and outcome. Am J Med Sci. 2009 Aug;338(2):123-6. Abstract

32. Versluijs-Ossewaarde FN, Roumen RM, Goris RJ. Subareolar breast abscesses: characteristics and results of surgical treatment. Breast J. 2005 May-Jun;11(3):179-82. Abstract

33. Bharat A, Gao F, Aft RL, et al. Predictors of primary breast abscesses and recurrence. World J Surg. 2009 Dec;33(12):2582-6. Abstract

34. Leach RD, Eykyn SJ, Phillips I, et al. Anaerobic subareolar breast abscess. Lancet. 1979 Jan 6;1(8106):35-7. Abstract

35. Zadrozny S, Westreich D, Hudgens MG, et al. Effect of postnatal HIV treatment on clinical mastitis and breast inflammation in HIV-infected breast-feeding women. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2017 Feb 16;31(2):134-43.Full text  Abstract

36. Hayes R, Michell M, Nunnerley HB. Acute inflammation of the breast - the role of breast ultrasound in diagnosis and management. Clin Radiol. 1991 Oct;44(4):253-6. Abstract

37. van Overhagen H, Zonderland HM, Lameris JS. Radiodiagnostic aspects of non-puerperal mastitis. Rofo. 1988 Sep;149(3):294-7. Abstract

38. Crowe DJ, Helvie MA, Wilson TE. Breast infection. Mammographic and sonographic findings with clinical correlation. Invest Radiol. 1995 Oct;30(10):582-7. Abstract

39. Borders H, Mychaliska G, Gebarski KS. Sonographic features of neonatal mastitis and breast abscess. Pediatr Radiol. 2009 Sep;39(9):955-8. Abstract

40. Apple SK, Bassett LW, Poon CM. Invasive ductal carcinomas. In: Bassett LW, Mahoney MC, Apple SK, et al, eds. Breast imaging. Expert radiology series. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:423-82.

41. Trop I, Dugas A, David J, et al. Breast abscesses: evidence-based algorithms for diagnosis, management, and follow-up. Radiographics. 2011 Oct;31(6):1683-99.Full text  Abstract

42. Das DK, Sodhani P, Kashyap V, et al. Inflammatory lesions of the breast: diagnosis by fine needle aspiration. Cytopathology. 1992;3(5):281-9. Abstract

43. Thomsen AC, Espersen T, Maigaard S. Course and treatment of milk stasis, noninfectious inflammation of the breast, and infectious mastitis in nursing women. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1984 Jul 1;149(5):492-5. Abstract

44. Kvist LJ, Larsson BW, Hall-Lord ML, et al. The role of bacteria in lactational mastitis and some considerations of the use of antibiotic treatment. Int Breastfeed J. 2008 Apr 7;3:6.Full text  Abstract

45. Reddin A, McCrea ES, Keramati B. Inflammatory breast disease: mammographic spectrum. South Med J. 1988 Aug;81(8):981-4, 988. Abstract

46. Muttarak M. Abscess in the non-lactating breast: radiodiagnostic aspects. Australas Radiol. 1996 Aug;40(3):223-5. Abstract

47. Kamal RM, Hamed ST, Salem DS. Classification of inflammatory breast disorders and step by step diagnosis. Breast J. 2009 Jul-Aug;15(4):367-80. Abstract

48. Rajagopala S, Agarwal R. Tubercular mastitis in men: case report and systematic review. Am J Med. 2008 Jun;121(6):539-44. Abstract

49. Georgian-Smith D, Lawton TJ, Moe RE, et al. Lupus mastitis: radiologic and pathologic features. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2002 May;178(5):1233-5.Full text  Abstract

50. Qureshi F. The acute breast abscess. Practical procedures. Aust Fam Physician. 1982 Mar;11(3):213-4. Abstract

51. Jahanfar S, Ng CJ, Teng CL. Antibiotics for mastitis in breastfeeding women. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Feb 28;(2):CD005458.Full text  Abstract

52. Marshall BR, Hepper JK, Zirbel CC. Sporadic puerperal mastitis. An infection that need not interrupt lactation. JAMA. 1975 Sep 29;233(13):1377-9. Abstract

53. Spencer JP. Management of mastitis in breastfeeding women. Am Fam Physician. 2008 Sep 15;78(6):727-31. Abstract

54. Arroyo R, Martín V, Maldonado A, et al. Treatment of infectious mastitis during lactation: antibiotics versus oral administration of Lactobacilli isolated from breast milk. Clin Infect Dis. 2010 Jun 15;50(12):1551-8. Abstract

55. Spencer JP, Gonzalez LS 3rd, Barnhart DJ. Medications in the breast-feeding mother. Am Fam Physician. 2001 Jul 1;64(1):119-26. Abstract

56. Coia JE, Duckworth GJ, Edwards DI, et al. Guidelines for the control and prevention of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in healthcare facilities. J Hosp Infect. 2006 Apr 3;63(suppl 1):S1-44.Full text  Abstract

57. Branch-Elliman W, Golen TH, Gold HS, et al. Risk factors for Staphylococcus aureus postpartum breast abscess. Clin Infect Dis. 2012 Jan 1;54(1):71-7. Abstract

58. Reddy P, Qi C, Zembower T, et al. Postpartum mastitis and community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Emerg Infect Dis. 2007 Feb;13(2):298-301.Full text  Abstract

59. Moellering RC Jr. Current treatment options for community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection. Clin Infect Dis. 2008 Apr 1;46(7):1032-7.Full text  Abstract

60. Johnson MD, Decker CF. Antimicrobial agents in treatment of MRSA infections. Dis Mon. 2008 Dec;54(12):793-800. Abstract

61. Lei X, Chen K, Zhu L, et al. Treatments for idiopathic granulomatous mastitis: systematic review and meta-analysis. Breastfeed Med. 2017 Jul 21;12(7):415-21. Abstract

62. Faden H. Mastitis in children from birth to 17 years. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2005 Dec;24(12):1113. Abstract

63. Hanavadi S, Pereira G, Mansel RE. How mammillary fistulas should be managed. Breast J. 2005 Jul-Aug;11(4):254-6. Abstract

64. Karstrup S, Solvig J, Nolsoe CP, et al. Acute puerperal breast abscesses: US-guided drainage. Radiology. 1993 Sep;188(3):807-9. Abstract

65. O'Hara RJ, Dexter SP, Fox JN. Conservative management of infective mastitis and breast abscesses after ultrasonographic assessment. Br J Surg. 1996 Oct;83(10):1413-4. Abstract

66. Tan SM, Low SC. Non-operative treatment of breast abscesses. Aust N Z J Surg. 1998 Jun;68(6):423-4. Abstract

67. Hook GW, Ikeda DM. Treatment of breast abscesses with US-guided percutaneous needle drainage without indwelling catheter placement. Radiology. 1999 Nov;213(2):579-82. Abstract

68. Schwarz RJ, Shrestha R. Needle aspiration of breast abscesses. Am J Surg. 2001 Aug;182(2):117-9. Abstract

69. Ozseker B, Ozcan UA, Rasa K, et al. Treatment of breast abscesses with ultrasound-guided aspiration and irrigation in the emergency setting. Emerg Radiol. 2008 Mar;15(2):105-8. Abstract

70. Eryilmaz R, Sahin M, Hakan Tekelioglu M, et al. Management of lactational breast abscesses. Breast. 2005 Oct;14(5):375-9. Abstract

71. Berna-Serna JD, Madrigal M, Berna-Serna JD. Percutaneous management of breast abscesses. An experience of 39 cases. Ultrasound Med Biol. 2004 Jan;30(1):1-6. Abstract

72. Lam E, Chan T, Wiseman SM. Breast abscess: evidence based management recommendations. Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther. 2014 May 3;12(7):753-62. Abstract

73. Lannin DR. Twenty-two year experience with recurring subareolar abscess andlactiferous duct fistula treated by a single breast surgeon. Am J Surg. 2004 Oct;188(4):407-10.Full text  Abstract

74. Wei J, Zhang J, Fu D. Negative suction drain through a mini periareolar incision for the treatment of lactational breast abscess shortens hospital stay and increases breastfeeding rates. Breastfeed Med. 2016 Jun 1;11:259-60. Abstract

75. Berens P, Swaim L, Peterson B. Incidence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in postpartum breast abscesses. Breastfeed Med. 2010 Jun;5(3):113-5. Abstract

76. Committee on Pediatric Aids. Infant feeding and transmission of human immunodeficiency virus in the United States. Pediatrics. 2013 Jan 28;131(2):391-6.Full text  Abstract

77. World Health Organization. Updates on HIV and infant feeding: guideline. 2016 [internet publication].Full text

78. Bodemer C, Panhans A, Chretien-Marquet B, et al. Staphylococcal necrotizing fasciitis in the mammary region in childhood: a report of five cases. J Pediatr. 1997 Sep;131(3):466-9. Abstract

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