Mental health response to disasters and other critical incidents has been proposed as a method of reducing short- and long-term problems that might follow a single, distinct life event or a public disturbance. Originally arising from concerns about soldiers and first responders, the mental health dimensions of disasters and other critical incidents are now considered a priority in disaster planning, response, and research.
Several groups have worked on consensus recommendations for the management of disasters and other critical incidents. A trauma group in the US has proposed a management strategy. The European Network for Traumatic Stress (TENTS) conducted a three-round Delphi process, and other organisations have also developed guidelines from consensus. From Chile, a similar model has been proposed based on a literature review. While the scientific evidence base for responding to the immediate- and, to a lesser degree, long-term mental health aftermath of trauma and disaster is still emerging, the content in this topic reflects the best practices in this area based on available expert consensus and experience.
- Preparing for disaster
- The mental health impact of disasters
- Outreach and screening
- Management of acute mental health responses
- Management of long-term mental health problems
- Role of systems management
- Next steps
Use of this content is subject to our disclaimer