An oral infection, resulting from yeasts of the genus Candida, mostly C albicans.
Superficial local mucosal infection, capable of focal invasion and dissemination.
Seen most frequently in association with local and systemic immunological suppression.
Clinical appearance is important for diagnosis.
Oral candidiasis involves a local infection of oral tissues by yeasts of the genus Candida, mostly C albicans. It is the most common oral fungal infection and is commonly seen in infants and older adults, and also with states of local and systemic immunological suppression. Although Candida are considered normal flora in the gastrointestinal and genitourinary tracts in humans, they are capable of local infection of mucous membranes (oropharyngeal candidiasis, oesophagitis, vulvovaginitis), focal invasion (endophthalmitis, meningitis, endocarditis), and dissemination (candidaemia).
Professor of Clinical Dentistry
Oral Medicine and Orofacial Pain
Division of Oral Biology and Medicine
UCLA School of Dentistry
FSY declares that she has no competing interests.
Chair of Department of Oral Pathology
New York University College Of Dentistry
JAP declares that she has no competing interests.
Professor of Oral Medicine
Department of Oral Sciences
University of Palermo
GC declares that she has no competing interests.
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