Last reviewed: November 2017
Last updated: November  2017

Summary

Differentials

Common

  • Primary dysmenorrhea
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Endometriosis
  • Adenomyosis
  • Uterine leiomyoma
  • Uterine polyps

Uncommon

  • Ovarian cyst with hemorrhage
  • Ovarian torsion
  • Obstructive Mullerian duct anomalies
  • Cervical stenosis
  • Intrauterine devices
  • Asherman syndrome
  • Pelvic congestion syndrome

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Head of Section

Reproductive and Maternal Medicine

University of Glasgow

Royal Infirmary

Glasgow

UK

Disclosures

MAL declares that she has no competing interests.

Research Fellow

University of Glasgow

Glasgow

UK

Disclosures

SI declares that she has no competing interests.

Dr Mary Ann Lumsden and Dr Stamatina Iliodromiti would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Suketu M. Mansuria and Dr Linda C. Lang, the previous contributors to this monograph. SMM and LCL declare that they have no competing interests.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Associate Professor

Ob/Gyn and Urology

Director

Division of Urogynecology

Associate Residency Program Director

Temple University Hospital

Philadelphia

PA

Disclosures

VD declares that he has no competing interests.

Medical Director

Reproductive Endocrinology & Infertility Department

Baptist Medical Center

Odessa Reproductive Medicine

San Antonio

TX

Disclosures

MM declares that he has no competing interests.

Professor and Chair

Department of Neurology

Wake Forest University School of Medicine

Winston-Salem

NC

Disclosures

RS declares that he has no competing interests.

Specialist Gynaecologist

Peel Health Campus

Mandurah

Australia

Disclosures

PR declares that he has no competing interests.

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