Last reviewed: November 2017
Last updated: November  2017

Summary

Differentials

Common

  • Patellofemoral joint injuries
  • Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury
  • Medial collateral ligament (MCL) injury and associated valgus instability
  • Posterolateral knee injury and associated varus instability
  • Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injury
  • Meniscal tear
  • Open fracture
  • Referred pain to knee

Uncommon

  • Patella fracture
  • Femoral condyle fracture
  • Tibial plateau fracture
  • Dislocation
  • Infection

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Robert F. LaPrade

Complex Knee & Sports Medicine Surgery

The Steadman Clinic

Chief Medical Officer

Steadman Philippon Research Institute

Co-Director

Sports Medicine Fellowship Program

Director

International Scholar Program

Vail

CO

Disclosures

RFL is a consultant for and receives royalties from Arthrex, Ossur, and Smith & Nephew. RFL is on the Editorial Board for AJSM and KSSTA. RFL is an author of several references cited in this topic.

Chad J. Griffith

Department of Orthopedic Surgery

St. Cloud Orthopedic Associates

St. Cloud

Minnesota

MN

Disclosures

CJG is a member of the board for the Minnesota Orthopedic Society.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

President and Chief Executive Officer

American Board of Family Medicine

Lexington

KY

Disclosures

JP declares that he has no competing interests.

Clinical Assistant Professor of Medicine

UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School

Piscataway

NJ

Disclosures

PC declares that he has no competing interests.

Orthopedic Surgeon

Director

Department of Orthopedic Surgery

Seoul Veterans Hospital

Seoul

South Korea

Disclosures

JRY declares that she has no competing interests.

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