最近审阅: 七月 2020
最近更新: 十二月  2019

小结

鉴别诊断

常见

  • 胃肠道丢失碳酸氢根
  • 肾脏丢失碳酸氢根 ——1 型和 2 型肾小管性酸中毒
  • 4 型肾小管性酸中毒
  • 糖尿病酮症酸中毒
  • 酒精性酮症酸中毒
  • 摄入有毒物质
  • 摄入对乙酰氨基酚(5-氧脯氨酸中毒)
  • 水杨酸中毒
  • 乳酸酸中毒
  • 急性肾衰竭
  • 慢性肾功能衰竭

撰稿人

Dinkar Kaw

Professor of Medicine

Division of Nephrology

Department of Medicine

University of Toledo College of Medicine and Life Sciences

Toledo

OH

利益声明

DK declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr Dinkar Kaw would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Joseph I. Shapiro, a previous contributor to this monograph. JIS declares that he has no competing interests.

同行评议者展开全部内容

Staff Nephrologist

Division of Nephrology

Department of Medicine

Southern Arizona Veterans Affairs Health Care System

Tucson

AZ

利益声明

TZ declares that he has no competing interests.

Professor of Medicine

Baylor University Medical Center

Dallas

TX

利益声明

AF declares that he has no competing interests.

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