宫颈癌是一种由人乳头瘤病毒（human papillomavirus, HPV）导致的恶性肿瘤，可以通过 HPV 疫苗、筛查以及治疗高度异型增生来进行预防。
采用国际妇产科联盟（International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics）标准的分期是仅基于临床评估。如果可行，应采用更为高级的影像学检查（磁共振成像、正电子发射计算机断层显像 [positron emission tomography, PET]、PET/计算机体层成像 [computed tomography, CT]、CT）评估局部病变范围和对转移进行筛查，以指导治疗计划制定。
Richard T. Penson, MD, MRCP
Medical Gynecologic Oncology
Division of Hematology Oncology
Massachusetts General Hospital
RTP reports receiving personal fees from AbbVie, Clovis Oncology, Janssen Oncology (J&J), NewLink Genetics, Sutro Biopharma, Tesaro Inc., and Vascular Biogenics Ltd, research funding provided to the institution for clinical trials from Array BioPharma Inc., AstraZeneca., Genentech, Inc., Regeneron, and Sanofi-Aventis US LLC, and personal fees and research funding provided to the institution for clinical trials from AstraZeneca, Eisai Inc./Merck & Co., Tesaro Inc., Genentech/Roche, Inc., and Vascular Biogenics Ltd, during the conduct of the study. RTP is an author of a number of references cited in this topic.
Larissa J. Lee, MD
Department of Radiation Oncology
Brigham and Women’s Hospital
LJL receives research funding from the Koch Institute at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute. LJL is also the principal investigator of an immunotherapy and radiation trial sponsored by AstraZeneca. LJL received sponsored travel from AstraZeneca for an immunotherapy symposium and has an international patent filing for quantitative tumour oxygen measurements in cervical cancer.
Dr Richard T. Penson and Dr Larissa J. Lee would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Neil S. Horowitz and Dr Anthony H. Russell, previous contributors to this topic.
NSH and AHR declare that they have no competing interests.
Linda Yang, MD
Minimally Invasive Gynecologic Surgery
Magee Women's Hospital
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
LY declares that she has no competing interests.
Deirdre Lyons, MB, BCh, BAO, MRCOG
Consultant in Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Lead Clinician in Colposcopy
Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust
DL declares that she has no competing interests.