最近审阅: 28 九月 2020
最近更新: 13 二月 2020

小结

鉴别诊断

常见

  • 原发性高血压
  • 肾动脉狭窄
  • 慢性肾病
  • 梗阻性尿路病
  • 阻塞性睡眠呼吸暂停

不常见

  • 主动脉缩窄
  • 子痫前期
  • 肾小球肾炎
  • 肾病综合征
  • 多囊肾病
  • 嗜铬细胞瘤
  • 醛固酮增多症
  • 库欣病/综合征
  • 甲状腺功能亢进
  • 甲状腺功能减退症
  • 甲状旁腺功能亢进症
  • 长期过度饮酒
  • 药物治疗
  • 非法药物使用
  • “白大衣高血压”

撰稿人

Senior Consultant Cardiologist

Sultan Qaboos University Hospital

Muscat

Oman

利益声明

SN is an author of a number of references cited in this topic.

Price-Evans Professor of Cardiovascular Medicine

University of Liverpool

Senior Investigator

National Institute for Health Research

UK

Distinguished Professor

Faculty of Medicine

Aalborg University

Denmark

Adjunct Professor

Yonsei University

Seoul

South Korea

利益声明

GYHL is a consultant for Bayer/Janssen, BMS/Pfizer, Biotronik, Medtronic, Boehringer Ingelheim, Novartis, Verseon, and Daiichi-Sankyo; he is also a speaker for Bayer, BMS/Pfizer, Medtronic, Boehringer Ingelheim, and Daiichi-Sankyo. GYHL is an author of a number of references cited in this topic.

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Professor of Epidemiology

Head of the Section of Epidemiology & Biostatistics

School of Population Health

University of Auckland

Auckland

New Zealand

利益声明

RJ declares that he has no competing interests.

Professor of Medicine

David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA

Los Angeles

CA

利益声明

AW declares that he has no competing interests. Unfortunately we have since been made aware that Professor Wilkinson is deceased.

Department of Clinical Pharmacology

St Mary’s Hospital

Imperial College

London

UK

利益声明

MS declares that he has no competing interests.

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