最近审阅: 七月 2020
最近更新: 十二月  2019

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 坏死性皮肤病变(皮肤炭疽)
  • 无痛病变(皮肤炭疽)
  • 水肿(皮肤炭疽)
  • 流感样表现(吸入性炭疽)
  • 呼吸道症状(吸入性炭疽)
  • 口咽部溃疡(摄入性炭疽)

其他诊断因素

  • 淋巴结肿大
  • 低血压
  • 胃肠道症状(摄入性炭疽)

危险因素

  • 环境暴露
  • 职业暴露
  • 生物恐怖主义
  • 摄入未煮熟的肉
  • 海洛因的使用

诊断性检查

首要检查

  • 培养和革兰染色
  • 实时荧光聚合酶链反应 (RT-PCR)
  • 血清学
  • 炭疽致死因子 (LF) 毒素质谱分析
  • 活检
  • 全血细胞计数 (FBC)
  • 胸部 X 线检查
更多 首要检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Instructor

Division of Infectious Diseases

Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine

Chicago

IL

利益声明

DB declares that he has no competing interests.

Infectious Diseases Fellow

Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine

Chicago

IL

利益声明

BW declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr Daniel Boyle and Dr Brian Wolf would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Teresa Zembower and Dr Pavani Reddy, previous contributors to this topic. TZ and PR declare that they have no competing interests.

同行评议者展开全部内容

Regional Chairman

Residency Program Director

Associate Professor

Family and Community Medicine

Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center at the Permian Basin

Odessa

TX

利益声明

TB declares that he has no competing interests.

Professor of Internal Medicine

Director: Unit Clinical Immunology and Allergy

Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine

Sapienza University of Rome, S. Andrea University Hospital

Rome

Italy

利益声明

RD declares that he has no competing interests.

Infectious Disease Specialist

Alabama Infectious Diseases Center

Huntsville

AL

利益声明

AH declares that he has no competing interests.

Head of Novel & Dangerous Pathogens

Novel and Dangerous Pathogens

HPA Centre for Emergency Preparedness and Response

Salisbury

UK

利益声明

TB declares that he has no competing interests.

内容使用需遵循免责声明