Inform the patient if they have an episode of AKI; give information on what the cause was and what measures they can take to avoid a further episode (e.g., avoiding getting dehydrated during an intercurrent illness).
The UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recommends:
Involving parents and carers in the discussion if appropriate
Discussing immediate treatment options, monitoring, and prognosis; and long‑term treatment options, monitoring, self‑management, and support in collaboration with a multidisciplinary team appropriate to the person's individual needs
Providing information to people needing renal replacement therapy after discharge, including what preparation might be needed (such as having a fistula or peritoneal catheter) and the frequency and length of dialysis sessions
Discussing the risk of developing future AKI, particularly with people who have chronic kidney disease with an eGFR <60 ml/min/1.73 m2, or neurological or cognitive impairment or disability, and who may have limited access to fluids.
Emphasise the risk associated with conditions leading to dehydration (for example, diarrhoea and vomiting) and drugs that can cause or worsen kidney injury (including over‑the‑counter NSAIDs).
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