Epidemiology

During 2007 to 2014, the overall prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in the US was 8.9%.[2] Trends in the US show the prevalence of GDM is increasing: 3.71% in the year 2000 to 5.77% in 2010, and in 2016, the crude national prevalence of GDM was 6%.[3][4] In one US study, GDM prevalence in an ethnically diverse California population varied from approximately 4.5% in non-Hispanic white and African-American women to around 10% in Asian women.[5] Notably, the prevalence of GDM was higher among Asian-American women even at low BMIs.[5]

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