Last reviewed: November 2017
Last updated: November  2017

Summary

Differentials

Common

  • Corneal ulcer
  • Dry eye syndrome (tear dysfunction syndrome)
  • Dry age-related macular degeneration (AMD)
  • Posterior uveitis
  • Cataract
  • Nondiabetic myopic lens shift
  • Wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD)
  • Vitreous hemorrhage
  • Retinal venous occlusion
  • Retinal arterial occlusion
  • Cerebrovascular accident (CVA)
  • Migraine headache or acephalgic migraine aura
  • Pituitary tumor
  • Diabetic retinopathy
  • Diabetic myopic lens shift

Uncommon

  • Corneal hydrops
  • Traumatic vision loss
  • Optic neuritis
  • Papilledema
  • Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON)
  • Acute angle-closure glaucoma
  • Retinal detachment
  • Postoperative endophthalmitis
  • Central retinal artery occlusion
  • Pituitary apoplexy
  • Arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy/giant cell arteritis
  • Nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy
  • Transient ischemic attack (TIA)
  • Cancer-associated retinopathy

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Assistant Professor

Department of Ophthalmology

University of Colorado School of Medicine

Aurora

CO

Disclosures

JRS declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr Jeffrey R. SooHoo would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Prem S. Subramanian, the previous contributor to this monograph. PSS declares that he has no competing interests.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

The H. Stanley Neuro-ophthalmology Professor of Ophthalmology, Neurology, and Neurosurgery

The University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics

Iowa City

IA

Disclosures

AGL declares that he has no competing interests.

Professor of Ophthalmology

University of New Mexico Medical School

Albuquerque

NM

Disclosures

RA declares that he has no competing interests.

Clinical Senior Lecturer

Health Services Research Unit

University of Aberdeen

Honorary Consultant Ophthalmologist

NHS Grampian

Aberdeen

UK

Disclosures

AA-B declares that he has no competing interests.

Special Professor of Ophthalmology

University of Nottingham

Consultant Ophthalmic Surgeon

Nottingham University Hospitals

Nottingham

UK

Disclosures

None declared.

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