Last reviewed: November 2017
Last updated: November  2017

Summary

Differentials

Common

  • Fever
  • Heavy physical exertion
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Urologic hemorrhage
  • Orthostatic proteinuria
  • Minimal change disease
  • Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis
  • Membranous nephropathy
  • Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis
  • IgA nephropathy
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus
  • Postinfectious glomerulonephritis
  • Acute tubular injury
  • Interstitial nephritis
  • Urinary tract obstruction
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Diabetic nephropathy
  • Hypertension
  • Medium- and small-vessel vasculitis
  • Rhabdomyolysis (myoglobinuria)

Uncommon

  • Pregnancy
  • Amyloidosis
  • Light and heavy chain deposition diseases
  • Fibrillary and immunotactoid glomerulopathy
  • Antiglomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) disease (Goodpasture syndrome)
  • Fanconi syndrome
  • Cystic kidney disease
  • Hypercalciuria
  • Dent disease
  • Aristolochic acid nephropathy
  • Light chain cast nephropathy
  • Fabry disease
  • Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS)
  • Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP)
  • Scleroderma renal crisis
  • Heavy metal poisoning
  • Idiopathic nodular glomerulosclerosis
  • Proliferative glomerulonephritis with monoclonal IgG deposits
  • Polymyositis
  • Renal vein thrombosis

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Assistant Professor of Medicine

Medicine/Nephrology

University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health

Madison

WI

Disclosures

SW declares that she has no competing interests.

Dr Sana Waheed would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Derek M. Fine and Dr C. John Sperati, previous contributors to this monograph. DMF is an author of a reference cited in this monograph. CJS declares that he has no competing interests.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Associate Professor

Yale University School of Medicine

New Haven

CT

Disclosures

MP declares that he has no competing interests.

Assistant Professor

Division of Nephrology

University of Tennessee

Memphis

TN

Disclosures

AS declares that he has no competing interests.

Professor of Nephrology

Institute of Urology and Nephrology

University College London

London

UK

Disclosures

GN declares that he has no competing interests.

Senior Lecturer in Renal Medicine

Division of Medicine

Imperial College London

UK

Disclosures

FT has received travelling grants from Amgen, MSD, Novartis, and Roche to attend International Nephrology conferences. He has also received research grants from Wellcome Trust, Medical Research Council UK, Baxter Biosciences, and Roche Palo Alto. He has also provided consultancy to research work with GE Heathcare and Baxter Biosciences.

Use of this content is subject to our disclaimer