Last reviewed: November 2017
Last updated: April  2017

Summary

Definition

History and exam

Key diagnostic factors

  • nausea/vomiting
  • diarrhea
  • fever

Other diagnostic factors

  • myalgias
  • headache
  • abdominal tenderness
  • signs of volume depletion
  • hyperactive bowel sounds
  • FHx of Salmonella infection

Risk factors

  • food exposures
  • extremes of age (<12 months and >50 years)
  • presence of an immunosuppressive state
  • low gastric acidity
  • exposure to symptomatic person with Salmonella
  • animal contact
  • use of antibiotics
  • poorly controlled diabetes mellitus
  • chronic granulomatous disease
  • iron overload
  • malnutrition

Diagnostic investigations

Treatment algorithm

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Assistant Professor of Medicine

Division of Infectious Diseases

University of California San Diego

San Diego

CA

Disclosures

MP declares that he has no competing interests.

Chief of Infectious Diseases

Departments of Medicine and Pathology

University of California San Diego School of Medicine

San Diego

CA

Disclosures

JF is an author of a reference cited in this monograph.

Dr Michael Preziosi and Dr Joshua Fierer would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Nancy F. Crum-Cianflone, a previous contributor to this monograph. NFCC declares that she has no competing interests.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Chief Medical Officer

Director of Food Safety and Security

US Food and Drug Administration

Rockville

MD

Disclosures

DA declares that he has no competing interests.

Deputy State Epidemiologist

Communicable and Environmental Disease Services

Tennessee Department of Health

Nashville

TN

Disclosures

TJ declares that he has no competing interests.

Head of Division

Division for Public Health

Austrian Agency for Health & Food Safety

Vienna

Austria

Disclosures

FA declares that he has no competing interests.

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