Last reviewed: November 2017
Last updated: January  2017

Summary

Definition

History and exam

Key diagnostic factors

  • maternal hx of polyhydramniosis
  • inability to swallow secretions
  • inability to pass NG tube

Other diagnostic factors

  • labored respiration
  • coughing
  • choking
  • VACTERL syndrome
  • cyanosis

Risk factors

  • trisomy 18 and 21
  • family history

Diagnostic investigations

1st investigations to order

  • prenatal ultrasound
  • x-ray chest and abdomen
Full details

Investigations to consider

  • bronchoscopy
  • esophagoscopy
  • barium swallow
Full details

Treatment algorithm

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Chief of Pediatric Surgery

Rocky Mountain Hospital For Children

Denver

CO

Disclosures

SSR declares that he has no competing interests.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Surgeon in Chief

Professor of Surgery

Department of Pediatric Surgery

Children's Hospital of Michigan

Wayne State University School of Medicine

Detroit

MI

Disclosures

MDK declares that he has no competing interests.

Clinical Director

Division Pediatric General and Thoracic Surgery

Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC

Pittsburgh

PA

Disclosures

TDK declares that he has no competing interests.

Emeritus Nuffield Professor of Paediatric Surgery

Institute of Child Health

University College

London

UK

Disclosures

LS declares that he has no competing interests.

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