Last reviewed: November 2017
Last updated: November  2017

Summary

Differentials

Common

  • Toddler's fracture (spiral nondisplaced fracture of tibia with fibula intact)
  • Legg-Calve-Perthes disease
  • Child abuse
  • Osgood-Schlatter disease
  • Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Spina bifida
  • Appendicitis

Uncommon

  • Slipped capital femoral epiphysis
  • Development hip dysplasia
  • Tarsal coalition
  • Sever disease
  • Spondylolysis
  • Juvenile dermatomyositis
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus
  • Septic arthritis
  • Osteomyelitis
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease
  • Muscular dystrophies
  • Hemophilia
  • Sickle cell disease
  • Leukemia
  • Neuroblastoma
  • Benign bone tumor
  • Osteosarcoma
  • Ewing sarcoma
  • Rickets
  • Lysosomal storage disorders
  • Complex regional pain syndrome

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Professor of Paediatric Rheumatology

Newcastle University

Newcastle upon Tyne

UK

Disclosures

HF declares that she has no competing interests.

Consultant Paediatrician

Newcastle Hospitals NHS Trust

Newcastle upon Tyne

UK

Disclosures

PD declares that she has no competing interests.

Clinical Educational Research Fellow

Newcastle University

Newcastle upon Tyne

UK

Disclosures

SJ declares that she has no competing interests.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Consultant Paediatric Rheumatologist

Bristol Royal Hospital for Children

Bristol

UK

Disclosures

JC declares that she has no competing interests.

Consultant Paediatric and Adolescent Rheumatologist

Leeds General Infirmary

Leeds

UK

Disclosures

MW declares that he has no competing interests.

Consultant

Assistant Professor

Mayo Medical School

Program Director

Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine

Mayo Clinic

Rochester

MN

Disclosures

SD declares that she has no competing interests.

Use of this content is subject to our disclaimer