Last reviewed: November 2017
Last updated: November  2017

Summary

Definition

History and exam

Key diagnostic factors

  • choking crisis
  • unilateral wheezing
  • unilateral decreased breath sounds

Other diagnostic factors

  • intractable cough
  • fever
  • dyspnea
  • bilateral wheezing

Risk factors

  • decreased level of consciousness (Glasgow coma score <9)
  • age <4 years
  • age >70 years
  • bulbar dysfunction
  • male gender
  • cerebrovascular disease
  • dementia

Diagnostic investigations

Treatment algorithm

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Arjun B. Chatterjee

Associate Professor of Medicine

Section on Pulmonary, Critical Care, Allergy, and Immunologic Disease

Wake Forest University School of Medicine

Winston-Salem

NC

Disclosures

ABC declares that he has no competing interests. His opinions are his own and do not represent those of his employers: Wake Forest University School of Medicine; US Department of Defense - United States Navy; US Department of Veteran’s Affairs.

Dr Arjun B. Chatterjee would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Septimiu Murgu and Dr Henri Colt, the previous contributors to this monograph. SM and HC declare that they have no competing interests.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Consultant Paediatric Anaesthetist

Department of Anaesthesia

Frenchay Hospital

Bristol

UK

Disclosures

AY declares that she has no competing interests.

Director

Interventional Pulmonology

Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Medicine

Assistant Professor of Medicine

Duke University Medical Center

Durham

NC

Disclosures

MMW declares that he has no competing interests.

Senior Consultant

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

Singapore General Hospital

Singapore

Disclosures

PL declares that he has no competing interests.

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