Last reviewed: November 2017
Last updated: November  2017

Summary

Definition

History and exam

Key diagnostic factors

  • dysesthesias
  • evening symptoms
  • relieving factors (movement, stretching, massage)
  • location in lower extremities, less commonly upper extremities and torso

Other diagnostic factors

  • alcohol use
  • caffeine use
  • female sex

Risk factors

  • conditions associated with iron deficiency
  • pregnancy
  • family history of RLS
  • use of antidepressants, antihistamines, and metoclopramide
  • increased age
  • female sex
  • smoking
  • obesity
  • diabetes mellitus

Diagnostic investigations

Treatment algorithm

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Sleep Physician

Crossover Health

Sunnyvale

CA

Disclosures

NV has been on the advisory committee and speakers bureau of Neupro, the manufacturer of rotigotine.

Acting Medical Director

Stanford Sleep Medicine Center

Director

Stanford Center for Human Sleep Research

Associate Professor

Stanford University Medical Center

Stanford Sleep Medicine Center

Redwood City

CA

Disclosures

CAK is an author of a number of references cited in this monograph.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Associate Professor

Interdisciplinary Pain Center and Department for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy

University Medical Center Freiburg

Freiburg

Germany

Disclosures

MH declares that she has no competing interests.

Professor of Medicine

Head of Division of Sleep Medicine

Department of Medicine

National Jewish Health

Denver

CO

Disclosures

TLC declares that he has no competing interests.

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