Last reviewed: November 2017
Last updated: July  2017

Summary

Definition

History and exam

Key diagnostic factors

  • presence of polytrauma/multiple injury
  • paralysis of shoulder
  • paralysis of bicep
  • numbness of radial digits of hand and shoulder
  • paralysis of triceps
  • paralysis of wrist/finger extensors
  • flail/insensate extremity
  • absent tendon reflexes

Risk factors

  • motor vehicle accident
  • neurofibromatosis
  • improper positioning during surgery
  • age <50 years
  • male sex
  • Parsonage-Turner syndrome
  • tumors (primary and metastatic tumors)
  • rib abnormalities
  • metabolic disorders

Diagnostic investigations

Treatment algorithm

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Rahul K. Nath

Director

Texas Nerve and Paralysis Institute

Houston

TX

Disclosures

RKN is an author of a number of references cited in this monograph.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Professor

Children's Hospital

Rabat

Morocco

Disclosures

AA declares that he has no competing interests.

Director and Head

Department of Plastic, Hand and Reconstructive Microsurgery and Burns

Ganga Hospital

Coimbatore

India

Disclosures

SRS declares that he has no competing interests.

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