Last reviewed: November 2017
Last updated: November  2017

Summary

Differentials

Common

  • Central diabetes insipidus
  • Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state (HHS)
  • Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus
  • Severe diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Limited access to water

Uncommon

  • Primary hypodipsia
  • Cushing syndrome
  • Primary aldosteronism
  • Postobstructive diuresis
  • Laxative and bowel cleansing agent use
  • Enteric fistulae
  • Diuretics
  • Heat exposure
  • Exercise
  • Fever
  • Severe burns
  • Inadequate breastfeeding of infants
  • Salt ingestion
  • High-protein diet
  • Use of intravenous sodium chloride
  • Use of intravenous sodium bicarbonate
  • Enteral feeding

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Associate Professor of Medicine

University of Florida

College of Medicine Jacksonville

Jacksonville

FL

Disclosures

GM declares that she has no competing interests.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Consultant and Senior Lecturer in Endocrinology

Endocrine Unit

Royal Victoria Infirmary

Newcastle

UK

Disclosures

RQ declares that he has no competing interests.

PhD Biochemist

Department of Microbiology

Medical School

Aristotle University of Thessaloniki

Thessaloniki

Greece

Disclosures

DC declares that he has no competing interests.

Associate Professor of Pediatrics

Division of Nephrology

Department of Pediatrics

University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine

Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh

Pittsburgh

PA

Disclosures

MLM declares that he has no competing interests.

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