Last reviewed: November 2017
Last updated: November  2017

Summary

Definition

History and exam

Key diagnostic factors

  • eye pain
  • tearing
  • photophobia
  • blurred vision
  • ciliary flush

Other diagnostic factors

  • presence of foreign body
  • corneal opacity
  • rust ring
  • blepharospasm

Risk factors

  • eye trauma
  • foreign body in the eye
  • contact lens use
  • working in the automobile industry
  • lack of protective eyewear
  • prior corneal abrasion
  • deployment of air bag during automobile collision

Diagnostic investigations

1st investigations to order

  • visual acuity
  • fluorescein staining
Full details

Treatment algorithm

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Christopher McStay

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

Department of Emergency Medicine

University of Colorado School of Medicine

Aurora

CO

Disclosures

CM declares that he has no competing interests.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Instructor in Clinical Medicine

Emergency Medicine Department

New York Presbyterian Hospital

Columbia University Medical Center

New York

NY

Disclosures

CT declares that he has no competing interests.

Chair of Ophthalmology

Corneal and Cataract Surgery

University of Melbourne

Melbourne

Australia

Disclosures

RV declares that he has no competing interests.

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