Last reviewed: November 2017
Last updated: November  2017

Summary

Differentials

Common

  • GI loss of bicarbonate
  • Renal loss of bicarbonate - renal tubular acidosis type 1 and 2
  • Renal tubular acidosis type 4
  • Diabetic ketoacidosis
  • Alcohol ketoacidosis
  • Ingestion of toxic substances
  • Acetaminophen ingestion (5-oxoproline toxicity)
  • Salicylate intoxication
  • Lactic acidosis
  • Acute renal failure
  • Chronic renal failure

Uncommon

  • Addition of acid

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Dinkar Kaw

Professor of Medicine

Division of Nephrology

Department of Medicine

University of Toledo College of Medicine

Toledo

OH

Disclosures

DK declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr Dinkar Kaw would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Joseph I. Shapiro, a previous contributor to this monograph. JIS declares that he has no competing interests.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Staff Nephrologist

Division of Nephrology

Department of Medicine

Southern Arizona Veterans Affairs Health Care System

Tucson

AZ

Disclosures

TZ declares that he has no competing interests.

Professor of Medicine

Baylor University Medical Center

Dallas

TX

Disclosures

AF declares that he has no competing interests.

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