Last reviewed: November 2017
Last updated: December  2017

Summary

Definition

History and exam

Key diagnostic factors

  • cyclic pain
  • continuous pain
  • joint noise
  • abnormal mandibular movement
  • masticatory muscle tenderness

Other diagnostic factors

  • depression or anxiety
  • headache, backache, earache, or neck pain

Risk factors

  • female gender
  • depression, anxiety, or stress
  • malocclusion
  • age 20 to 40 years

Diagnostic investigations

Investigations to consider

  • panoramic radiograph
  • ultrasound
  • MRI
Full details

Treatment algorithm

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Private Dental Practice

Amsterdam

NY

Disclosures

SM declares that she has no competing interests.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Professor

Department of Endodontics

University of North Carolina Dental Research Center

Chapel Hill

NC

Disclosures

WM declares that he has no competing interests.

Associate Professor

Clinical Lead in Oral Surgery

Plymouth University Peninsula Schools of Medicine & Dentistry

Plymouth

UK

Disclosures

KA declares that he has no competing interests.

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