Last reviewed: November 2017
Last updated: October  2017

Summary

Definition

History and exam

Key diagnostic factors

  • inability to bear weight
  • pain in affected leg/hip
  • pain with hip movement

Other diagnostic factors

  • shortened and externally rotated leg

Risk factors

  • osteoporosis/osteopenia
  • age over 65 years
  • falls
  • low BMI
  • female sex
  • high-energy trauma

Diagnostic investigations

Investigations to consider

  • MRI pelvis
  • CT pelvis
  • technetium bone scan
Full details

Treatment algorithm

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Associate Professor

McMaster University

Consultant Orthopedic Surgeon

Orthopedic Trauma Service

Hamilton Health Sciences

Ontario

Canada

Disclosures

BAP declares that he has no competing interests.

Professor

McMaster University

Canada Research Chair in Musculoskeletal Trauma

Hamilton Health Sciences

Ontario

Canada

Disclosures

MB declares that he has no competing interests.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon

Onze Lieve Vrouwe Gasthuis

Teaching Hospital with The University of Amsterdam

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery

Amsterdam

The Netherlands

Disclosures

RP has been reimbursed by LINK for organizing education and research consultancy.

Assistant Professor of Surgery

Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh

Pittsburgh

PA

Disclosures

DH declares that he has no competing interests.

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