Last reviewed: November 2017
Last updated: November  2017

Summary

Differentials

Common

  • Polycystic ovary syndrome
  • Leiomyomata (uterine fibroids)
  • Miscarriage
  • Endometritis
  • Salpingitis (pelvic inflammatory disease)
  • Dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DUB)
  • Endometrial polyp

Uncommon

  • Uterine malignancy
  • Adenomyosis
  • Gestational trophoblastic disease (choriocarcinoma)
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Disorders of hemostasis
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Endometriosis
  • Intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD)
  • Anticoagulant administration
  • Cervical cancer
  • Hepatic failure
  • Renal failure

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Mohamed F. Mitwally

Medical Director

Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility

Baptist Medical Center

San Antonio Reproductive Associates

San Antonio

Odessa Reproductive Medicine Center

Odessa

TX

Disclosures

MFM declares that he has no conflicting interests.

Intisar Elnahhas

Laboratory Director

San Antonio Reproductive Associates

San Antonio

Odessa Reproductive Medicine Center

Odessa

TX

Disclosures

IE declares that she has no competing interests.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Professor

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Michigan State University

MI

Disclosures

MA declares that he has no competing interests.

Professor and Head of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

University of South Alabama

AL

Disclosures

BR declares that he has no competing interests.

Specialist Gynaecologist

Peel Health Campus

Mandurah

Australia

Disclosures

PR declares that he has no competing interests.

Use of this content is subject to our disclaimer