Last reviewed: November 2017
Last updated: November  2017

Summary

Differentials

Common

  • Iatrogenic postsurgical hypoparathyroidism
  • Vitamin D deficiency
  • Hypomagnesemia
  • Hyperventilation

Uncommon

  • Isolated hypoparathyroidism
  • Pseudohypoparathyroidism
  • Autoimmune hypoparathyroidism
  • HIV-related hypoparathyroidism
  • Hypermagnesemia
  • Hyperphosphatemia
  • Hypercalciuria
  • Sepsis
  • Burns
  • Renal failure
  • Acute pancreatitis
  • Extensive osteoblastic skeletal metastasis
  • Hungry bone syndrome
  • Drug-induced hypocalcemia
  • Multiple transfusions
  • Hypoalbuminemia
  • Drug interference with assay
  • Infiltrative hypoparathyroidism
  • DiGeorge syndrome and other developmental complexes
  • Rhabdomyolysis
  • Tumor lysis syndrome
  • Constitutively activating calcium sensing receptor (CaSR) abnormalities (mutations or autoimmune activation)
  • Vitamin D resistance or receptor mutations

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Consultant Endocrinologist/Service Lead for Endocrinology

Department of Endocrinology

Queen Elizabeth Medical Centre

Queen Elizabeth Hospital

Birmingham

UK

Disclosures

JA declares that he has no competing interests.

Consultant Endocrinologist and Honorary Professor of Endocrinology

Department of Endocrinology

Centre for Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Queen Elizabeth Medical Centre

Queen Elizabeth Hospital

Birmingham

UK

Disclosures

NG declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr John Ayuk and Prof Neil Gittoes would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Berhane Seyoum, a previous contributor to this monograph. BS declares that he has no competing interests.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Assistant Professor

Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Baltimore

MD

Disclosures

SB declares that he has no competing interests.

Associate Professor of Medicine

The Ohio State University

Columbus

OH

Disclosures

LK declares that he has no competing interests.

Consultant and Senior Lecturer

Endocrine Unit

Newcastle University and Royal Victoria Infirmary

Newcastle-upon-Tyne

UK

Disclosures

RQ has been reimbursed by Amgen, the manufacturer of cinacalcet, for attending a conference and for giving an educational seminar (total under £1,200 over past 3 years).

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