Last reviewed: November 2017
Last updated: November  2017

Summary

Differentials

Common

  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Microscopic colitis (lymphocytic colitis and collagenous colitis)
  • Viral, bacterial, parasitic, HIV enteropathy
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Drug effects
  • Fecal impaction
  • Celiac disease
  • Crohn disease
  • Bile salt malabsorption
  • Brush border enzyme deficiency (lactose, fructose, sucrose, isomaltase)
  • Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth
  • Pancreatic insufficiency
  • Alcohol
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Radiation enteritis/colitis
  • Eosinophilic enteritis
  • Chronic ischemic colitis
  • Surgical bypass or resection

Uncommon

  • NSAID enteropathy
  • Infiltrating malignancy
  • Protein-losing enteropathy
  • Graft versus host disease
  • Hodgkin lymphoma
  • Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
  • Tropical sprue
  • Lymphangiectasia/impaired lymphatic drainage
  • Hypoparathyroidism
  • Addison disease
  • Gastrinoma
  • Carcinoid tumors
  • VIPomas
  • Abetalipoproteinemia
  • Advanced liver disease
  • Common variable immune deficiency
  • Amyloidosis

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Consultant Gastroenterologist

Honorary Senior Lecturer

University of Manchester

Manchester

UK

Disclosures

SC declares he has no competing interests.

Clinical Research Fellow

Gastrointestinal Unit

University of Edinburgh

Edinburgh

UK

Disclosures

RK declares that he has received speaker fees from Ferring. He is also the author of a reference cited in this monograph.

Dr Simon Campbell and Dr Rahul Kalla would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Abhishek Sharma, Dr Daniel Leffler, and Dr Ciaran Kelly, the previous contributors to this monograph. AS has received honoraria for educational presentations, chairing educational sessions, or advisory work from Abbvie, Vifor Pharma, Almirall, Falk, and Warner Chilcott UK. DL and CK are the authors of a number of references cited in this monograph.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Director

Trauma Services

Assistant Professor

Michigan State University

Lansing

MI

Disclosures

JK declares that he has no competing interests.

Professor of Gastroenterology

Imperial College London

Hammersmith Hospital

London

UK

Disclosures

JRFW has been a member of advisory boards and has received fees for arranging an educational programme from GE Healthcare, the manufacturer of 75SeHCAT. He is a member of the Health Advisory Network for Coeliac UK.

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