Last reviewed: November 2017
Last updated: January  2017

Summary

Differentials

Common

  • Colloid nodule
  • Thyroid adenoma or hyperplastic nodule, single (solid or complex)

Uncommon

  • Nontoxic multinodular goiter
  • Toxic adenoma, single
  • Toxic multinodular goiter
  • Differentiated thyroid cancer (papillary, follicular)
  • Medullary thyroid cancer
  • Anaplastic thyroid cancer
  • Lymphoma
  • Simple epithelial-lined thyroid cyst
  • Thyroglossal duct cyst
  • Acute suppurative thyroiditis
  • Subacute granulomatous thyroiditis
  • Chronic lymphocytic (Hashimoto) thyroiditis
  • Painless lymphocytic thyroiditis
  • Graves disease
  • Enlarged parathyroid gland(s): benign
  • Parathyroid carcinoma
  • Metastasis from nonthyroidal malignancies

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Past Chair

Surgical Affairs Committee

American Thyroid Association

Professor

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery

University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (UAMS)

UAMS Thyroid Center

Little Rock

AR

Disclosures

BCS is an author of a number of references cited in this monograph.

Dr Brendan C. Stack would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Steven P. Hodak and Dr Hussain Mahmud, the previous contributors to this monograph. SPH and HM declare that they have no competing interests.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Assistant Professor of Medicine

Division of Endocrinology

Drexel University College of Medicine

Philadelphia

PA

Disclosures

REA declares that she has no competing interests.

Consultant Endocrinologist

Guy’s & St. Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust

London

UK

Disclosures

PVC declares that he has no competing interests.

Consultant Endocrine Surgeon

Newcastle Upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Trust

Newcastle

UK

Disclosures

RB declares that he has no competing interests.

Clinical Associate Professor

Medical Director

Thyroid Cancer Program

Stanford University Medical Center

Stanford

CA

Disclosures

HA declares that she has no competing interests.

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