Last reviewed: November 2017
Last updated: August  2017

Summary

Definition

History and exam

Key diagnostic factors

  • soft-tissue swelling

Other diagnostic factors

  • multiple sinuses
  • skin discoloration
  • chewing difficulties
  • constitutional symptoms
  • change in bowel habits
  • abdominal discomfort
  • nausea and vomiting
  • sensation of abdominal mass
  • vaginal bleeding or discharge
  • dry or productive cough
  • blood-streaked sputum
  • shortness of breath
  • chest pain
  • focal neurologic defects

Risk factors

  • male gender
  • injury or inflammation of the oral cavity
  • diabetes mellitus
  • immunosuppression
  • malnutrition
  • local tissue damage by neoplasia, trauma, or irradiation
  • intrauterine device
  • aspiration

Diagnostic investigations

1st investigations to order

  • culture of pus or affected tissue
  • histology of affected tissue
  • immunohistology
  • CBC
  • CT or MRI of abdomen
Full details

Emerging tests

  • PCR of affected tissue
  • serology
Full details

Treatment algorithm

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Professor

Medical Department I

Charité - University Medicine Berlin

CBF

Berlin

Germany

Disclosures

TS is an author of a number of references cited in this monograph.

Scientist

Medical Department I

Charité - University Medicine Berlin

CBF

Berlin

Germany

Disclosures

VM is an author of a number of references cited in this monograph.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Professor of Internal Medicine

Department of Infectious Diseases

Medical Polyclinic

University Hospital Munich

Munich

Germany

Disclosures

JRB declares that he has no competing interests.

Assistant Professor of Medicine

Division of Infectious Diseases

University of Vermont

Burlington

VT

Disclosures

CH declares that he has no competing interests.

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