Last reviewed: November 2017
Last updated: November  2017

Summary

Differentials

Common

  • Essential hypertension
  • Renal artery stenosis
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Obstructive uropathy
  • Obstructive sleep apnea

Uncommon

  • Coarctation of aorta
  • Preeclampsia
  • Glomerulonephritis
  • Nephrotic syndrome
  • Polycystic kidney disease
  • Pheochromocytoma
  • Hyperaldosteronism
  • Cushing disease/syndrome
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Hyperparathyroidism
  • Chronic alcohol excess
  • Medication
  • Illicit drug use
  • "White-coat hypertension"

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Consultant Cardiologist

Good Hope Hospital

Honorary Senior Lecturer

University of Birmingham

Birmingham

UK

Disclosures

SN is an author of a number of references cited in this monograph.

Professor of Cardiovascular Medicine

University of Birmingham

Visiting Professor of Haemostasis, Thrombosis and Vascular Sciences

University of Aston

Birmingham

UK

Disclosures

GL is a consultant for Bayer/Janssen, BMS/Pfizer, Biotronik, Medtronic, Boehringer Ingelheim, Microlife, and Daiichi-Sankyo; he is also a speaker for Bayer, BMS/Pfizer, Medtronic, Boehringer Ingelheim, Microlife, Roche, and Daiichi-Sankyo. GL is an author of references cited in this topic.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Professor of Epidemiology

Head of the Section of Epidemiology & Biostatistics

School of Population Health

University of Auckland

Auckland

New Zealand

Disclosures

RJ declares that he has no competing interests.

Professor of Medicine

David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA

Los Angeles

CA

Disclosures

AW declares that he has no competing interests. Unfortunately we have since been made aware that Professor Wilkinson is deceased.

Department of Clinical Pharmacology

St Mary’s Hospital

Imperial College

London

UK

Disclosures

MS declares that he has no competing interests.

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