Last reviewed: November 2017
Last updated: November  2017

Summary

Definition

History and exam

Other diagnostic factors

  • skin tenderness
  • depression, social isolation
  • systemic complaints

Risk factors

  • age 12 to 24 years
  • genetic predisposition
  • greasy skin/increased sebum production
  • endocrine disorders
  • dietary factors
  • female gender/estrogens
  • obesity/insulin resistance
  • hyperandrogenism
  • medications
  • halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons exposure

Diagnostic investigations

Investigations to consider

  • hormonal evaluation
  • bacterial culture
Full details

Treatment algorithm

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Dermatologist

Kaiser Permanente

Falls Church

VA

Disclosures

MN declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr Mark Naftanel would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Yolanda Rosi Helfrich, the previous contributor to this monograph. YRH declares that she has no competing interests.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Resident

Department of Dermatology

SUNY Downstate Medical Center

New York

NY

Disclosures

GT declares that she has no competing interests.

Consultant Dermatologist

Dermatology

Beaumont Hospital

Dublin

Ireland

Disclosures

Not disclosed.

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