Last reviewed: November 2017
Last updated: November  2017

Summary

Differentials

Common

  • Thoracic aortic aneurysm
  • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
  • Metastatic cancer
  • Thymoma
  • Lung cancer

Uncommon

  • Aortic dissection
  • Hodgkin's lymphoma
  • Mediastinal germ cell tumour: seminoma
  • Mediastinal germ cell tumour: non-seminoma
  • Thymic carcinoma
  • Primary tracheal tumours
  • Neurogenic tumour
  • Thyroid neoplasm
  • Substernal goitre
  • Acute lymphocytic leukaemia
  • Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia
  • Pericardial cyst
  • Bronchogenic cyst
  • Oesophageal cyst (includes oesophageal duplication cyst)
  • Mediastinal germ cell tumour: mature teratoma

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Instructor in Surgery

Division of Thoracic Surgery

Massachusetts General Hospital

Harvard Medical School

Boston

MA

Disclosures

AM declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr Ashok Muniappan would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr John Kucharczuk, Dr Mario Gasparri, and Dr Nicholas Choong, the previous contributors to this monograph. JK, MG, and NC declare that they have no competing interests.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Cardiology Fellow

Department of Internal Medicine

Cardiology Division

University of Rochester

Rochester

NY

Disclosures

MB declares that he has no competing interests.

University Associate Professor

Cardiothoracic Surgery

Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Director Aortic Surgery

Montefiore Medical Center

Bronx

NY

Disclosures

AD declares that he has no competing interests.

Assistant Professor of Surgery

Section of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgery

The University of Chicago

Chicago

IL

Disclosures

SAA declares that he has no competing interests.

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