Last reviewed: November 2017
Last updated: August  2016

Summary

Definition

History and exam

Key diagnostic factors

  • presence of risk factors
  • typical skin lesions
  • nerve involvement
  • sensory loss

Other diagnostic factors

  • immunological reactions
  • eye lesions

Risk factors

  • close contact with a multibacillary leprosy patient
  • poverty
  • residence in endemic area
  • genetic predisposition
  • zoonotic transmission

Diagnostic investigations

1st investigations to order

  • skin smear
  • skin and/or nerve biopsy and histopathology
Full details

Treatment algorithm

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Associate Clinical Professor

USC Keck School of Medicine

Department of Dermatology

Los Angeles

CA

Disclosures

MTO declares that she has no competing interests.

Dr Maria T. Ochoa would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Denis Paul Jacques Daumerie, a previous contributor to this monograph. DPJD declares that he has no competing interests.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Member of World Health Organization Panel of Experts on Leprosy

Saint-Armour Morlaas

France

Disclosures

HS declares that he has no competing interests.

Chief

Clinical Branch

National Hansen's Disease Programs

Baton Rouge

LA

Disclosures

DMS declares that he has no competing interests.

Medical Officer

Leprosy and Neglected Tropical Diseases in Central Africa Countries

World Health Organization

Country Office of Kinshasa

DR of Congo

Disclosures

AT declares that he has no competing interests.

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