Last reviewed: November 2017
Last updated: November  2017

Summary

Differentials

Common

  • Migraine headache
  • Acute sinusitis

Uncommon

  • Subarachnoid haemorrhage
  • Ischaemic stroke
  • Parenchymal haemorrhage
  • Vascular dissection (carotid, vertebral, or intracranial arteries)
  • Cerebral sinovenous thrombosis
  • Postconcussion headache
  • Cerebral contusion
  • Subdural haemorrhage
  • Intracranial hypotension
  • Epidural haemorrhage
  • Meningitis
  • Encephalitis
  • Dental caries, gingival disease, or abscess
  • Brain tumour
  • Temporomandibular joint syndrome
  • Tension headache
  • Indometacin-responsive headache
  • Medication-overuse headache
  • Cluster headache
  • New daily persistent headache
  • Intermittent hydrocephalus
  • Pseudotumour cerebri (idiopathic intracranial hypertension)
  • Ventriculoperitoneal shunt dysfunction
  • Pituitary apoplexy
  • Hypertensive encephalopathy
  • Occipital neuralgia
  • Facial neuralgia

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Assistant Professor

Department of Child Neurology

Johns Hopkins Hospital

Baltimore

MD

Disclosures

CBO declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr Christopher B. Oakley would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Nicholas S. Abend and Dr Daniel J. Licht, the previous contributors to this monograph. NSA and DJL declare that they have no competing interests.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Director

Department of Emergency Medicine

Mount Sinai School of Medicine

New York

NY

Disclosures

PH declares that he has no competing interests.

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