Last reviewed: November 2017
Last updated: November  2017

Summary

Differentials

Common

  • Functional dyspepsia
  • Helicobacter pylori infection
  • GORD
  • Peptic ulcer disease
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • Gastritis
  • Oesophagitis
  • Duodenitis
  • Gastric and duodenal erosions
  • Upper GI haemorrhage
  • Lactose intolerance
  • Cholelithiasis
  • Cholecystitis
  • Biliary pain
  • Drug-induced dyspepsia
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Pleurisy
  • Pleural effusions
  • Coeliac disease
  • Alcohol abuse

Uncommon

  • Upper GI malignancy
  • Gastroparesis
  • Ischaemic bowel disease
  • Intestinal parasites: Giardia, Cryptosporidium
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Pericarditis
  • Myocarditis
  • Acute or chronic pancreatitis
  • Pancreatic tumours/cancers
  • Obstruction of the hepatobiliary tract from stone, stricture, or tumour
  • Pneumonia
  • Pulmonary tumour
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Hypercalcaemia
  • Abdominal wall pain

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Nigel W. Flook

Clinical Professor and Chief of Family Medicine

University of Alberta Hospital

Edmonton

Alberta

Canada

Disclosures

NWF is an author of a number of references cited in this monograph.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Professor of Medicine

Chief of GI Endoscopy

Rikshospitalet University Hospital

Oslo

Norway

Disclosures

LA declares that he has no competing interests.

Gastroenterologist

Chief of Service

Hôpital Hôtel-Dieu de Québec

Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Québec

Québec City

Québec

Canada

Disclosures

MB declares that he has no competing interests.

Director

Division of Gastroenterology

Professor

Department of Medicine

McMaster University Medical Centre

Hamilton

Ontario

Canada

Disclosures

PM is an author of a number of references cited in this monograph.

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