Last reviewed: November 2017
Last updated: November  2017

Summary

Differentials

Common

  • Transposition of great arteries (TGA)
  • Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF)
  • Pulmonary atresia
  • Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS)
  • Transient tachypnoea of the newborn (TTN)
  • Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN)
  • Pneumothorax
  • Aspiration pneumonia
  • Pneumonia
  • Pulmonary oedema
  • Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH)
  • Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM)
  • Upper airway obstruction
  • Polycythaemia
  • Asphyxia
  • Methaemoglobinaemia (met-Hb)
  • Hypoglycaemia
  • Neonatal sepsis

Uncommon

  • Total anomalous pulmonary venous return (TAPVR)
  • Hypoplastic left heart syndrome or single ventricle physiology states
  • Tricuspid atresia
  • Truncus arteriosus (TA)
  • Pulmonary haemorrhage
  • Pulmonary hypoplasia
  • Congenital lobar emphysema
  • Pulmonary lymphangiectasia
  • Tracheo-oesophageal fistula (TOF)/oesophageal atresia (OA)
  • Pleural effusion
  • Arteriovenous malformation

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Robin H. Steinhorn

Professor and Chair of Pediatrics

University of California Davis Children’s Hospital

Sacramento

CA

Disclosures

RHS is Associate Editor for Journal of Pediatrics. The University of California has received honoraria for Dr Steinhorn from Scientific Therapeutics Information Inc, through Mallinckrodt.

Dr Robin H. Steinhorn would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Ponthenkandath Sasidharan, the previous contributor to this monograph.

Disclosures

PS declares that he has no competing interests.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Professor of Pediatrics

Department of Pediatrics

Medical Center

University of Illinois

Chicago

IL

Disclosures

RB declares that he has no competing interests.

Assistant Professor Pediatrics/Neonatology

Medical College of Wisconsin

Milwaukee

WI

Disclosures

UGD declares that she has no competing interests.

Consultant Paediatrician

Neonatal Unit

Gloucestershire Royal Hospital

Gloucester

UK

Disclosures

RP declares that he has no competing interests.

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