Bacterial vaginosis continues to be a leading cause of vaginitis; other common infectious causes include trichomoniasis and candidiasis, although non-infectious causes are also possible.
Affects all age groups of women, particularly during their reproductive years. Black women are most commonly affected.
Common symptoms include discharge, pruritus, and dyspareunia.
It is recommended to screen for STDs in all patients with infective vaginitis.
Sexual partners of patients with Trichomonas vaginalis should be treated and offered screening for other STDs.
Vaginitis is inflammation of the vagina due to changes in the composition of the vaginal micro-environment from infection, irritants, or from hormonal deficiency (e.g., atrophic vaginitis). Bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis, and candidiasis are types of infections that cause vaginitis.
Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery
Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Reliant Medical Group
Chief of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Saint Vincent Hospital
Assistant Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
University of Massachusetts Medical School
DSI declares that he has no competing interests.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Virginia Commonwealth University
DC declares that he has no competing interests.
Minimally Invasive Gynecologic Surgery
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
JS declares that he has no competing interests.
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