Last reviewed: November 2017
Last updated: November  2015

Summary

Definition

History and exam

Risk factors

  • genetic
  • infection
  • local trauma
  • stress
  • smoking
  • light skin
  • alcohol intake (non-light beer)

Diagnostic investigations

Treatment algorithm

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Associate Dean, Clinical Research

Director of Clinical Research

Southern California Clinical and Translational Science Institute (CTSI)

Associate Professor of Dermatology

Keck School of Medicine

University of Southern California

Los Angeles

CA

Disclosures

AWA is an investigator and consultant for Abbott, Amgen, and Janssen. AWA is also the author of references cited in this monograph.

Dr April W. Armstrong would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Tsu-Yi Chuang, a previous contributor to this monograph. TC declares that he has no competing interests.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Western Infirmary, Glasgow

Consultant Dermatologist Dermatology

Glasgow

UK

Disclosures

DB is an author of a clinical practice guideline referenced in this monograph. DB has been reimbursed as a consultant, researcher, and lecturer for Abbott, Leo, Pfizer, Merck, Janssen-Cilag, and Novartis.

Physician

Department of Dermatology

Kaiser Permanente Vallejo Medical Center

Vallejo

CA

Disclosures

PM declares that she has no competing interests.

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